VDV - VDV-451/VDV-452/INTREST Data Format

Added in version 2.1.

Driver short name


Driver built-in by default

This driver is built-in by default

This driver can read and create text files following the VDV-451 file format, which is a text format similar to CSV files, potentially containing several layers within the same file.

It supports in particular reading 2 "profiles" :

The generic reader/writer for VDV-451/VDV-452 can support arbitrarily large files. For the INTREST data case, for combined layers in a single file, the driver ingests the whole file in memory to reconstruct the Link layer.

Interleave reading among layers is supported in files with multiple layers.

Driver capabilities

Supports Create()

This driver supports the GDALDriver::Create() operation

Supports Georeferencing

This driver supports georeferencing

Supports VirtualIO

This driver supports virtual I/O operations (/vsimem/, etc.)

Creation issues

The driver can create new layers (either in the same file, or in separate files in the same directory). It can append a new layer into an existing file, but it cannot append/edit/delete features to an existing layer, or modify the attribute structure of an existing layer after features have been written.

Dataset creation options can be specified in command-line tools using the syntax -dsco <NAME>=<VALUE> or by providing the appropriate arguments to GDALCreate() (C) or Driver.Create (Python). The following dataset creation options are available:

  • SINGLE_FILE=[YES/NO]: Defaults to YES. Whether several layers should be put in the same file. If NO, the name is assumed to be a directory name.

Layer creation options can be specified in command-line tools using the syntax -lco <NAME>=<VALUE> or by providing the appropriate arguments to GDALDatasetCreateLayer() (C) or Dataset.CreateLayer (Python). The following layer creation options are available:

  • EXTENSION=value: Defaults to x10. Extension used when creating files in separate layers, i.e. only for SINGLE_FILE=NO dataset creation option.

  • PROFILE=[GENERIC/VDV-452/VDV-452-ENGLISH/VDV-452-GERMAN]: Defaults to GENERIC. Describe which profile the writer should conform to. VDV-452 will restrict layer and field names to be the one allowed by the VDV-452 standard (either in English or German). VDV-452-ENGLISH and VDV-452-GERMAN will restrict the VDV-452 to the specified language. The configuration file describing VDV-452 table and field names is vdv452.xml located in the GDAL_DATA directory.

  • PROFILE_STRICT=[YES/NO]: Defaults to NO. Whether checks of profile should be strict. In strict mode, unexpected layer or field names will be rejected.

  • CREATE_ALL_FIELDS=[YES/NO]: Defaults to YES. Whether all fields of predefined profiles should be created at layer creation.

  • STANDARD_HEADER=[YES/NO]: Defaults to YES. Whether to write standard header fields (i.e mod, src, chs, ver, ifv, dve, fft). If set to NO, only explicitly specified HEADER_xxx fields will be written.

  • HEADER_SRC=value: Defaults to UNKNOWN. Value of the src header field.

  • HEADER_SRC_DATE=<DD.MM.YYYY>: Defaults to current date (in GMT). Value of the date of the src header field as DD.MM.YYYY.

  • HEADER_SRC_TIME=<HH.MM.SS>: Defaults to current time (in GMT). Value of the time of the src header field as HH.MM.SS.

  • HEADER_CHS=value: Defaults to ISO8859-1. Value of the chs header field.

  • HEADER_VER=value: Defaults to 1.4. Value of the ver header field.

  • HEADER_IFV=value: Defaults to 1.4. Value of the ifv header field.

  • HEADER_DVE=value: Defaults to 1.4. Value of the dve header field.

  • HEADER_FFT=value: Defaults to '' (empty string). Value of the fft header field.

  • HEADER_xxx**=value: Value of the xxx (user defined) header field.