# IHO S-57 (ENC)¶

Driver short name

S57

Driver built-in by default

This driver is built-in by default

International Hydrographic Organisation (IHO) S-57 Electronic Navigation Charts (ENC) datasets are supported for read access.

The S-57 driver module produces features for all S-57 features in the S-57 file, and associated updates. S-57 (ENC) files normally have the extension “.000”.

S-57 feature objects are translated into features. S-57 geometry objects are automatically collected and formed into geometries on the features.

The S-57 reader depends on having two supporting files, s57objectclasses.csv, and s57attributes.csv available at runtime in order to translate features in an object class specific manner. These should be in the directory pointed to by the environment variable S57_CSV, or in the current working directory.

S-57 update files contain information on how to update a distributed S-57 base data file. The base files normally have the extension .000 while the update files have extensions like .001, .002 and so on. The S-57 reader will normally read and apply all updates files to the in memory version of the base file on the fly. The feature data provided to the application therefore includes all the updates.

## Driver capabilities¶

Supports Georeferencing

This driver supports georeferencing

Supports VirtualIO

This driver supports virtual I/O operations (/vsimem/, etc.)

## Feature Translation¶

Normally all features read from S-57 are assigned to a layer based on the name of the object class (OBJL) to which they belong. For instance, with an OBJL value of 2, the feature is an “Airport / airfield” and has a short name of “AIRARE” which is used as the layer name. A typical S-57 transfer will have in excess of 100 layers.

Each feature type has a predefined set of attributes as defined by the S-57 standard. For instance, the airport (AIRARE) object class can have the AIRARE, CATAIR, CONDTN, CONVIS, NOBJNM, OBJNAM, STATUS, INFORM, NINFOM, NTXTDS, PICREP, SCAMAX, SCAMIN, TXTDSC, ,RECDAT, RECIND, SORDAT, and SORIND attributes. These short names can be related to longer, more meaningful names using an S-57 object/attribute catalog such as the S-57 standard document itself, or the catalog files (s57attributes.csv, and s57objectclasses.csv). Such a catalog can also be used to establish all the available object classes, and their attributes.

The following are some common attributes, including generic attributes which appear on all feature, regardless of object class. is turned on.

Attribute Name  Description                            Defined On
--------------  -----------                            ----------

GRUP            Group number.                  All features

OBJL            Object label code.  This number    All features
indicates the object class of the
feature.

RVER            Record version.

AGEN            Numeric agency code, such as 50 for    All features
A potentially outdated list is
available in agencode.txt.

FIDN            Feature identification number.         All features

FIDS            Feature identification subdivision.    All features

DSNM            Dataset name.  The name of the file    All features
the feature came from.  Used with
LNAM to form a unique dataset wide
identifier for a feature.

INFORM          Informational text.                    Some features

NINFOM      Informational text in national         Some features
language.

OBJNAM          Object name                Some features

NOBJNM          Object name in national        Some features
language.

SCAMAX          Maximum scale for display              Some features

SCAMIN          Minimum scale for display              Some features

SORDAT          Source date                            Some features


The following are present if LNAM_REFS is enabled:

LNAM            Long name.  An encoding of AGEN,       All features
FIDN and FIDS used to uniquely
identify this features within an
S-57 file.

LNAM_REFS       List of long names of related features All Features

FFPT_RIND       Relationship indicators for each of    All Features
the LNAM_REFS relationships.


## Soundings¶

Depth soundings are handled somewhat specially in S-57 format, in order to efficiently represent the many available data points. In S-57 one sounding feature can have many sounding points. The S-57 reader splits each of these out into its own feature type SOUNDG’ feature with an s57_type of s57_point3d’. All the soundings from a single feature record will have the same AGEN, FIDN, FIDS and LNAM value.

## S57 Control Options¶

There are several control options which can be used to alter the behavior of the S-57 reader. Users can set these by appending them in the OGR_S57_OPTIONS environment variable.

Starting with GDAL 2.0, they can also be specified independently as open options to the driver.

• UPDATES=APPLY/IGNORE: Should update files be incorporated into the base data on the fly. Default is APPLY.

• SPLIT_MULTIPOINT=ON/OFF: Should multipoint soundings be split into many single point sounding features. Multipoint geometries are not well handle by many formats, so it can be convenient to split single sounding features with many points into many single point features. Default is OFF.

• ADD_SOUNDG_DEPTH=ON/OFF: Should a DEPTH attribute be added on SOUNDG features and assign the depth of the sounding. This should only be enabled with SPLIT_MULTIPOINT is also enabled. Default is OFF.

• RETURN_PRIMITIVES=ON/OFF: Should all the low level geometry primitives be returned as special IsolatedNode, ConnectedNode, Edge and Face layers. Default is OFF.

• PRESERVE_EMPTY_NUMBERS=ON/OFF: If enabled, numeric attributes assigned an empty string as a value will be preserved as a special numeric value. This option should not generally be needed, but may be useful when translated S-57 to S-57 losslessly. Default is OFF.

• LNAM_REFS=ON/OFF: Should LNAM and LNAM_REFS fields be attached to features capturing the feature to feature relationships in the FFPT group of the S-57 file. Default is ON.

• RETURN_LINKAGES=ON/OFF: Should additional attributes relating features to their underlying geometric primitives be attached. These are the values of the FSPT group, and are primarily needed when doing S-57 to S-57 translations. Default is OFF.

• RECODE_BY_DSSI=ON/OFF: (OGR >= 1.10) Should attribute values be recoded to UTF-8 from the character encoding specified in the S57 DSSI record. Default is OFF.

Example:

set OGR_S57_OPTIONS = "RETURN_PRIMITIVES=ON,RETURN_LINKAGES=ON,LNAM_REFS=ON"


## S-57 Export¶

Preliminary S-57 export capability has been added in GDAL/OGR 1.2.0 but is intended only for specialized use, and is not properly documented at this time. Setting the following options is a minimum required to support S-57 to S-57 conversion via OGR.

set OGR_S57_OPTIONS = "RETURN_PRIMITIVES=ON,RETURN_LINKAGES=ON,LNAM_REFS=ON"


The following dataset creation options are supported to supply basic information for the S-57 data set descriptive records (DSID and DSPM, see the S-57 standard for a more detailed description):

• S57_EXPP: Exchange purpose. Default is 1.

• S57_INTU: Intended usage. Default is 4.

• S57_EDTN: Edition number. Default is 2.

• S57_UPDN: Update number. Default is 0.

• S57_UADT: Update application date. Default is 20030801.

• S57_ISDT: Issue date. Default is 20030801.

• S57_STED: Edition number of S-57. Default is 03.1.

• S57_AGEN: Producing agency. Default is 540.

• S57_COMT: Comment.

• S57_AALL: Lexical level used for the ATTF fields. Default is 0. (GDAL >= 2.4)

• S57_NALL: Lexical level used for the NATF fields. Default is 0. (GDAL >= 2.4)

• S57_NOMR: Number of meta records (objects with acronym starting with “M_”). Default is 0.

• S57_NOGR: Number of geo records. Default is 0.

• S57_NOLR: Number of collection records. Default is 0.

• S57_NOIN: Number of isolated node records. Default is 0.

• S57_NOCN: Number of connected node records. Default is 0.

• S57_NOED: Number of edge records. Default is 0.

• S57_HDAT: Horizontal geodetic datum. Default is 2.

• S57_VDAT: Vertical datum. Default is 17.

• S57_SDAT: Sounding datum. Default is 23.

• S57_CSCL: Compilation scale of data (1:X). Default is 52000.

• S57_COMF: Floating-point to integer multiplication factor for coordinate values. Default is 10000000. (GDAL >= 2.4)

• S57_SOMF: Floating point to integer multiplication factor for 3-D (sounding) values. Default is 10. (GDAL >= 2.4)