NAS - ALKIS
Driver short name
The NAS driver reads the NAS/ALKIS format used for cadastral data in Germany. The format is a GML profile with fairly complex GML3 objects not easily read with the general OGR GML driver.
This driver depends on GDAL/OGR being built with the Xerces XML parsing library.
The driver looks for "opengis.net/gml" and one of the strings semicolon separated strings listed in the configuration option NAS_INDICATOR (which defaults to "NAS-Operationen;AAA-Fachschema;aaa.xsd;aaa-suite") to determine if a input is a NAS file and ignores all files without any matches.
The configuration option NAS_GFS_TEMPLATE makes it possible to cleanly map element paths to feature attributes using a GFS file like in the GML driver. Multiple geometries per layer are also possible (eg. ax_flurstueck.objektkoordinaten next to the regular wkb_geometry). Starting with GDAL 3.7, defining the NAS_GFS_TEMPLATE configuration option is required for the NAS driver to open a file. It may be set to the empty string to mean that the driver should try to establish the schema of the file from its content, but using one of templates mentioned below is recommended.
The GFS templates and PostgreSQL schemas are part of norGIS ALKIS-Import (also featuring a shell script and PyQt frontend which ease the import). There are currently two versions:
In GDAL 3.8 the creation of the relation layer alkis_beziehungen was removed. Prior the configuration option NAS_NO_RELATION_LAYER allowed to disable its population - which was default in ALKIS-Import. The information found there was redundant to the relation fields also contained in original elements/tables. Enabling the option also made progress reporting available.
This driver was implemented within the context of the PostNAS project, which has more information on its use and other related projects.
This driver supports georeferencing
This driver supports virtual I/O operations (/vsimem/, etc.)