Translates a raster file into xyz format.


gdal2xyz [--help] [--help-general]
    [-skip <factor>]
    [-srcwin <xoff> <yoff> <xsize> <ysize>]
    [-b <band>]... [-allbands]
    [-srcnodata <value>] [-dstnodata <value>]
    <src_dataset> [<dst_dataset>]


The gdal2xyz utility can be used to translate a raster file into xyz format. gdal2xyz can be used as an alternative to gdal_translate of=xyz, but supporting other options, for example:

  • Select more then one band

  • Skip or replace nodata value

  • Return the output as numpy arrays.


Show this help message and exit


Gives a brief usage message for the generic GDAL commandline options and exit.


How many rows/cols to skip in each iteration.

-srcwin <xoff> <yoff> <xsize> <ysize>

Selects a subwindow from the source image for copying based on pixel/line location.

-b, -band <band>

Select band band from the input spectral bands for output. Bands are numbered from 1 in the order spectral bands are specified. Multiple -b switches may be used. When no -b switch is used, the first band will be used. In order to use all input bands set -allbands or -b 0.


Select all input bands.


Use comma instead of space as a delimiter.


Exclude the output lines with nodata value (as determined by srcnodata)


The nodata value of the dataset (for skipping or replacing) Default (None) - Use the dataset nodata value; Sequence/Number - Use the given nodata value (per band or per dataset).


Replace source nodata with a given nodata. Has an effect only if not setting -skipnodata. Default(None) - Use srcnodata, no replacement; Sequence/Number - Replace the srcnodata with the given nodata value (per band or per dataset).

-h, --help

Show help message and exit.


The source dataset name. It can be either file name, URL of data source or subdataset name for multi-dataset files.


The destination file name.


gdal2xyz -b 1 -b 2 -dstnodata 0 input.tif output.txt

To create a text file in xyz format from the input file input.tif, including the first and second bands, while replacing the dataset nodata values with zeros.