RFC 85: Policy regarding substantial code additions
Howard Butler, Even Rouault
This document describes the policies that the GDAL project will apply to assess substantial code additions, typically new drivers, in particular coming from new contributors to the project.
The GDAL project has historically been quite open to new code additions, including drivers that rely on proprietary licensed and/or closed-source SDKs (called "binary SDK" in the rest of this document). This approach is part of its strengths, but also comes at a price, with the software becoming larger and larger, and with contributions sometimes being abandoned by their authors without new maintainers.
Being a free & open-source project, the GDAL project will apply stronger scrutiny to code that requires a binary SDK and encourage contributors to submit code additions that do not depend on such binary SDK, or license SDKs under free & open-source license terms.
Drivers require a designated responsible contact, tracked in https://github.com/OSGeo/gdal/wiki/Maintainers-per-sub-system
Contributions should follow other RFCs describing development rules, and come with test scripts and sufficient documentation, covering usage and build instructions.
If the driver require a binary SDK not downloadable without cost, or that requires a complicated registration process, the GDAL team is unlikely to support driver inclusion.
GDAL supports multiple operating systems, and new drivers should support as many as is practical. At a minimum, drivers should work with the latest and OS-vendor supported releases of operating systems the driver is documented to work with.
If the binary SDK is no longer supported, or modernized to work with current compilers and GDAL, the driver can be dropped. This rule also applies to open-source dependencies that are no longer maintained or are superseded by other alternatives.
If the driver has unaddressed bugs, is breaking continuous integration (CI), has caused CI bits to be disabled, or has not caught up to API modifications requiring updates (extremely rare), the driver will be dropped from build scripts, and thus will not be built without significant user intervention.
If critical/blocking issues reported in a driver are not addressed within a 2 month time-frame, it can be dropped from the tree entirely by a designated GDAL maintainer for all releases going forward.
Contributors of significant code additions are expected to participate in the day-to-day life of the GDAL project, and need to monitor closely the communication channels of the project: issue tracker, mailing lists, etc.
Maintainers are expected to support their contributions by triaging bug reports, reviewing related pull requests and RFCs, making functional enhancements, testing releases, and improving documentation, tests, and infrastructure.
In addition, maintainers are expected to respond in a timely manner to wider project changes (CI, build scripts, upgrade of dependencies, build tools, documentation, etc.) as it pertains to their contributions.
New contributions may require a significant review effort from a GDAL committer (ie someone with direct modification rights to the source repository). While the project has funded maintainers, it must be understood that they might not be immediately available to do reviews of significant code additions. Contributors may contract GDAL committers to have such task done within a more predictable timeline.
The above rules are not exhaustive. The PSC reserves the right to reject a proposed code addition depending on its particular nature and other contextual elements.
+1 from PSC members MateuszL, KurtS, TamasS, SeanG, HowardB, JukkaR and EvenR.