gdalmdimtranslate

New in version 3.1.

Converts multidimensional data between different formats, and perform subsetting.

Synopsis

gdalmdimtranslate [--help-general] [-co "NAME=VALUE"]*
                  [-of format] [-array <array_spec>]*
                  [-group <group_spec>]*
                  [-subset <subset_spec>]*
                  [-scaleaxes <scaleaxes_spec>]*
                  <src_filename> <dst_filename>

Description

gdalmdimtranslate program converts multidimensional raster between different formats, and/or can perform selective conversion of specific arrays and groups, and/or subsetting operations.

The following command line parameters can appear in any order.

-of <format>

Select the output format. This can be a format that supports multidimensional output (such as NetCDF: Network Common Data Form, Multidimensional VRT), or a “classic” 2D formats, if only one single 2D array results of the other specified conversion operations. When this option is not specified, the format is guessed when possible from the extension of the destination filename.

-co <NAME=VALUE>

Many formats have one or more optional creation options that can be used to control particulars about the file created. For instance, the GeoTIFF driver supports creation options to control compression, and whether the file should be tiled.

The creation options available vary by format driver, and some simple formats have no creation options at all. A list of options supported for a format can be listed with the –formats command line option but the documentation for the format is the definitive source of information on driver creation options. See Raster drivers format specific documentation for legal creation options for each format.

-array <array_spec>

Instead of converting the whole dataset, select one array, and possibly perform operations on it. This option can be specified several times to operate on different arrays.

<array_spec> may be just an array name, potentially using a fully qualified syntax (/group/subgroup/array_name). Or it can be a combination of options with the syntax: name={src_array_name}[,dstname={dst_array_name}][,transpose=[{axis1},{axis2},…][,view={view_expr}]

[{axis1},{axis2},…] is the argumet of GDALMDArray::Transpose(). For example, transpose=[1,0] switches the axis order of a 2D array.

{view_expr} is the value of the viewExpr argument of GDALMDArray::GetView()

When specifying a view_expr that performs a slicing or subsetting on a dimension, the equivalent operation will be applied to the corresponding indexing variable.

-group <group_spec>

Instead of converting the whole dataset, select one group, and possibly perform operations on it. This option can be specified several times to operate on different groups. If only one group is specified, its contet will be copied directly to the target root group. If several ones are specified, they are copied under the target root group

<group_spec> may be just a group name, potentially using a fully qualified syntax (/group/subgroup/subsubgroup_name). Or it can be a combination of options with the syntax: name={src_group_name}[,dstname={dst_group_name}][,recursive=no]

-subset <subset_spec>

Performs a subsetting (trimming or slicing) operation along a dimension, provided that it is indexed by a 1D variable of numeric or string data type, and whose values are monotically sorted. <subset_spec> follows exactly the OGC WCS 2.0 KVP encoding for subsetting.

That is dim_name(min_val,max_val) or dim_name(sliced_val) The first syntax will subset the dimension dim_name to values in the [min_val,max_val] range. The second syntax will slice the dimension dim_name to value sliced_val (and this dimension will be removed from the arrays that reference to it)

Using -subset is incompatible of specifying a view option in -array.

-scaleaxes <scaleaxes_spec>

Applies a integral scale factor to one or several dimensions, that is extract 1 value every N values (without resampling).

<scaleaxes_spec> follows exactly the syntax of the KVP encoding of the SCALEAXES parameter of OGC WCS 2.0 Scaling Extension, but limited to integer scale factors.

That is dim1_name(scale_factor)[,dim2_name(scale_factor)]*

Using -scaleaxes is incompatible of specifying a view option in -array.

<src_dataset>

The source dataset name.

<dst_dataset>

The destination file name.

C API

This utility is also callable from C with GDALMultiDimTranslate().

Examples

  • Convert a netCDF file to a multidimensional VRT file

$ gdalmdimtranslate in.nc out.vrt
  • Extract a 2D slice of a time,Y,X array

$ gdalmdimtranslate in.nc out.tif -subset 'time("2010-01-01")' -array temperature
  • Subsample along X and Y axis

$ gdalmdimtranslate in.nc out.nc -scaleaxes "X(2),Y(2)"
  • Reorder the values of a time,Y,X array along the Y axis from top-to-bottom to bottom-to-top (or the reverse)

$ gdalmdimtranslate in.nc out.nc -array "name=temperature,view=[:,::-1,:]"
  • Transpose an array that has X,Y,time dimension order to time,Y,X

$ gdalmdimtranslate in.nc out.nc -array "name=temperature,transpose=[2,1,0]"