Python Vector API

This page contains classes, methods, functions that relate to the GDAL Vector Data Model. The Driver and Dataset classes, which applies to both vector and raster data, are documented with the Python Raster API.

Layer

class osgeo.ogr.Layer(*args, **kwargs)

Proxy of C++ OGRLayerShadow class.

AlterFieldDefn(Layer self, int iField, FieldDefn field_def, int nFlags) OGRErr

Alter the definition of an existing field on a layer.

For more details: OGR_L_AlterFieldDefn()

Parameters:
  • iField (int) -- index of the field whose definition must be altered.

  • field_def (FieldDefn) -- new field definition

  • nFlags (int) -- Combination of osgeo.ogr.ALTER_NAME_FLAG, osgeo.ogr.ALTER_TYPE_FLAG, osgeo.ogr.ALTER_WIDTH_PRECISION_FLAG, osgeo.ogr.ALTER_NULLABLE_FLAG and osgeo.ogr.ALTER_DEFAULT_FLAG to indicate which of the name and/or type and/or width and precision fields and/or nullability from the new field definition must be taken into account.

Returns:

osgeo.ogr.OGRERR_NONE on success.

Return type:

int

AlterGeomFieldDefn(Layer self, int iGeomField, GeomFieldDefn field_def, int nFlags) OGRErr
Clip(Layer self, Layer method_layer, Layer result_layer, char ** options=None, GDALProgressFunc callback=0, void * callback_data=None) OGRErr

Clip off areas that are not covered by the method layer.

For more details: OGR_L_Clip()

Parameters:
  • method_layer (Layer) -- the method layer. Should not be None.

  • result_layer (Layer) -- the layer where the features resulting from the operation are inserted. Should not be None.

  • options (list[str], optional) -- List of options (empty list is allowed). For example ["PROMOTE_TO_MULTI=YES"].

  • callback (Callable, optional) -- a GDALProgressFunc() compatible callback function for reporting progress or None.

  • callback_data -- Argument to be passed to 'callback'. May be None.

Returns:

An error code if there was an error or the execution was interrupted, osgeo.ogr.OGRERR_NONE otherwise.

Return type:

int

CommitTransaction(Layer self) OGRErr

For datasources which support transactions, this commits a transaction.

For more details: OGR_L_CommitTransaction()

Returns:

osgeo.ogr.OGRERR_NONE on success.

Return type:

int

CreateFeature(Layer self, Feature feature) OGRErr

Create and write a new feature within a layer.

For more details: OGR_L_CreateFeature()

To create a feature, but set it if it exists see Layer.UpsertFeature().

Parameters:

feature (Feature) -- The feature to write to disk.

Returns:

osgeo.ogr.OGRERR_NONE on success.

Return type:

int

CreateField(Layer self, FieldDefn field_def, int approx_ok=1) OGRErr

Create a new field on a layer.

For more details: OGR_L_CreateField()

Parameters:
  • field_def (FieldDefn) -- The field definition to write to disk.

  • approx_ok (bool, default=True) -- If True, the field may be created in a slightly different form depending on the limitations of the format driver.

Returns:

osgeo.ogr.OGRERR_NONE on success.

Return type:

int

CreateFieldFromArrowSchema(Layer self, ArrowSchema schema, char ** options=None) OGRErr
CreateFieldFromPyArrowSchema(pa_schema, options=[])

Create a field from the passed pyarrow Schema.

CreateFields(fields)

Create a list of fields on the Layer

CreateGeomField(Layer self, GeomFieldDefn field_def, int approx_ok=1) OGRErr

Create a new geometry field on a layer.

For more details: OGR_L_CreateGeomField()

Parameters:
  • field_def (GeomFieldDefn) -- The geometry field definition to write to disk.

  • approx_ok (bool, default=True) -- If True, the field may be created in a slightly different form depending on the limitations of the format driver.

Returns:

osgeo.ogr.OGRERR_NONE on success.

Return type:

int

DeleteFeature(Layer self, GIntBig fid) OGRErr

Delete feature from layer.

For more details: OGR_L_DeleteFeature()

Parameters:

fid (int) -- The feature id to be deleted from the layer

Returns:

osgeo.ogr.OGRERR_NONE if the operation works, otherwise an appropriate error code (e.g osgeo.ogr.OGRERR_NON_EXISTING_FEATURE) if the feature does not exist.

Return type:

int

DeleteField(Layer self, int iField) OGRErr

Delete an existing field on a layer.

For more details: OGR_L_DeleteField()

Parameters:

iField (int) -- index of the field to delete.

Returns:

osgeo.ogr.OGRERR_NONE on success.

Return type:

int

Dereference()

For backwards compatibility only.

Erase(Layer self, Layer method_layer, Layer result_layer, char ** options=None, GDALProgressFunc callback=0, void * callback_data=None) OGRErr

Remove areas that are covered by the method layer.

For more details: OGR_L_Erase()

Parameters:
  • method_layer (Layer) -- the method layer. Should not be None.

  • result_layer (Layer) -- the layer where the features resulting from the operation are inserted. Should not be None.

  • options (list[str], optional) -- List of options (empty list is allowed). For example ["PROMOTE_TO_MULTI=YES"].

  • callback (Callable, optional) -- a GDALProgressFunc() compatible callback function for reporting progress or None.

  • callback_data -- Argument to be passed to 'callback'. May be None.

Returns:

An error code if there was an error or the execution was interrupted, osgeo.ogr.OGRERR_NONE otherwise.

Return type:

int

ExportArrowArrayStreamPyCapsule(Layer self, char ** options=None) PyObject *
FindFieldIndex(Layer self, char const * pszFieldName, int bExactMatch) int

Find the index of field in a layer.

For more details: OGR_L_FindFieldIndex()

Returns:

field index, or -1 if the field doesn't exist

Return type:

int

GetArrowArrayStreamInterface(options=[])

Return a proxy object that implements the __arrow_c_stream__() method, but allows the user to pass options.

Parameters:

options (List of strings or dict with options such as INCLUDE_FID=NO, MAX_FEATURES_IN_BATCH=<number>, etc.) --

Return type:

a proxy object which implements the __arrow_c_stream__() method

GetArrowStream(Layer self, char ** options=None) ArrowArrayStream
GetArrowStreamAsNumPy(options=[])

Return an ArrowStream as NumPy Array objects. A specific option to this method is USE_MASKED_ARRAYS=YES/NO (default is YES).

GetArrowStreamAsPyArrow(options=[])

Return an ArrowStream as PyArrow Schema and Array objects

GetDataset(Layer self) GDALDatasetShadow *

Return the dataset associated with this layer.

For more details: OGR_L_GetDataset()

Returns:

Dataset or None

Return type:

Dataset

GetExtent(Layer self, int force=1, int can_return_null=0, int geom_field=0)

Fetch the extent of this layer.

For more details:

Warning

Check the return order of the bounds.

Parameters:
  • force (int, default=False) -- Flag indicating whether the extent should be computed even if it is expensive.

  • can_return_null (int, default=False) -- Whether None can be returned in the response.

  • geom_field (int, default=0) -- Ithe index of the geometry field on which to compute the extent. Can be iterated over using range() and GetGeomFieldCount().

Returns:

  • minx (float)

  • maxx (float)

  • miny (float)

  • maxy (float)

GetExtent3D(Layer self, int force=1, int can_return_null=0, int geom_field=0)
GetFIDColumn(Layer self) char const *

This method returns the name of the underlying database column being used as the FID column, or '' if not supported.

For more details: OGR_L_GetFIDColumn()

Returns:

fid column name.

Return type:

str

GetFeature(Layer self, GIntBig fid) Feature

Fetch a feature by its identifier.

For more details: OGR_L_GetFeature()

Use TestCapability() with (osgeo.ogr.OLCRandomRead) to establish if this layer supports efficient random access reading via GetFeature(); However, the call should always work if the feature exists.

Sequential reads (with GetNextFeature()) are generally considered interrupted by a GetFeature() call.

Parameters:

fid (int) -- The feature id of the feature to read.

Returns:

A new feature now owned by the caller, or None on failure. The returned feature should be deleted with Destroy().

Return type:

Feature

GetFeatureCount(Layer self, int force=1) GIntBig

Fetch the feature count in this layer.

For more details: OGR_L_GetFeatureCount()

Parameters:

force (int) -- Flag indicating whether the count should be computed even if it is expensive.

Returns:

Feature count, -1 if count not known.

Return type:

int

GetFeaturesRead(Layer self) GIntBig

For more details: OGR_L_GetFeaturesRead()

GetGeomType(Layer self) OGRwkbGeometryType

Return the layer geometry type.

For more details: OGR_L_GetGeomType()

Returns:

The geometry type code. The types can be found with 'osgeo.ogr.wkb' prefix. For example osgeo.ogr.wkbPolygon.

Return type:

int

GetGeometryColumn(Layer self) char const *

This method returns the name of the underlying database column being used as the geometry column, or '' if not supported.

For more details: OGR_L_GetGeometryColumn()

Returns:

geometry column name.

Return type:

str

GetGeometryTypes(Layer self, int geom_field=0, int flags=0, GDALProgressFunc callback=0, void * callback_data=None)

Get actual geometry types found in features.

For more details: OGR_L_GetGeometryTypes()

Parameters:
  • geom_field (int, optional) -- index of the geometry field

  • flags (int, optional) -- 0, or a combination of osgeo.ogr.GGT_COUNT_NOT_NEEDED, osgeo.ogr.GGT_STOP_IF_MIXED and osgeo.ogr.GGT_GEOMCOLLECTIONZ_TINZ

  • callback (Callable, optional) -- a GDALProgressFunc() compatible callback function for cancellation or None.

  • callback_data -- Argument to be passed to 'callback'. May be None.

Returns:

A dictionary whose keys are osgeo.ogr.wkbXXXX constants and values the corresponding number of geometries of that type in the layer.

Return type:

dict

GetLayerDefn(Layer self) FeatureDefn

Fetch the schema information for this layer.

For more details: OGR_L_GetLayerDefn()

Returns:

The feature definition.

Return type:

FeatureDefn

GetName(Layer self) char const *

Return the layer name.

For more details: OGR_L_GetName()

Returns:

The layer name

Return type:

str

GetNextFeature(Layer self) Feature

Fetch the next available feature from this layer.

For more details: OGR_L_GetNextFeature()

Returns:

A feature or None if no more features are available.

Return type:

Feature

GetRefCount(Layer self) int

For more details: OGR_L_GetRefCount()

GetSpatialFilter(Layer self) Geometry

This function returns the current spatial filter for this layer.

For more details: OGR_L_GetSpatialFilter()

Returns:

The spatial filter geometry.

Return type:

Geometry

GetSpatialRef(Layer self) SpatialReference

Fetch the spatial reference system for this layer.

For more details: OGR_L_GetSpatialRef()

Returns:

spatial reference, or None if there isn't one.

Return type:

SpatialReference

GetStyleTable(Layer self) StyleTable

Get style table.

For more details: OGR_L_GetStyleTable()

GetSupportedSRSList(Layer self, int geom_field=0)
Identity(Layer self, Layer method_layer, Layer result_layer, char ** options=None, GDALProgressFunc callback=0, void * callback_data=None) OGRErr

Identify the features of this layer with the ones from the identity layer.

For more details: OGR_L_Identity()

Parameters:
  • method_layer (Layer) -- the method layer. Should not be None.

  • result_layer (Layer) -- the layer where the features resulting from the operation are inserted. Should not be None.

  • options (list[str], optional) -- List of options (empty list is allowed). For example ["PROMOTE_TO_MULTI=YES"].

  • callback (Callable, optional) -- a GDALProgressFunc() compatible callback function for reporting progress or None.

  • callback_data -- Argument to be passed to 'callback'. May be None.

Returns:

An error code if there was an error or the execution was interrupted, osgeo.ogr.OGRERR_NONE otherwise.

Return type:

int

Intersection(Layer self, Layer method_layer, Layer result_layer, char ** options=None, GDALProgressFunc callback=0, void * callback_data=None) OGRErr

Intersection of two layers.

For more details: OGR_L_Intersection()

Parameters:
  • method_layer (Layer) -- the method layer. Should not be None.

  • result_layer (Layer) -- the layer where the features resulting from the operation are inserted. Should not be None.

  • options (list[str], optional) -- List of options (empty list is allowed). For example ["PROMOTE_TO_MULTI=YES"].

  • callback (Callable, optional) -- a GDALProgressFunc() compatible callback function for reporting progress or None.

  • callback_data -- Argument to be passed to 'callback'. May be None.

Returns:

An error code if there was an error or the execution was interrupted, osgeo.ogr.OGRERR_NONE otherwise.

Return type:

int

IsArrowSchemaSupported(Layer self, ArrowSchema schema, char ** options=None)
IsPyArrowSchemaSupported(pa_schema, options=[])

Returns whether the passed pyarrow Schema is supported by the layer, as a tuple (success: bool, errorMsg: str).

This may be used as a preliminary check before calling WritePyArrowBatch()

Reference()

For backwards compatibility only.

Rename(Layer self, char const * new_name) OGRErr
ReorderField(Layer self, int iOldFieldPos, int iNewFieldPos) OGRErr

Reorder an existing field on a layer.

For more details: OGR_L_ReorderField()

Parameters:
  • iOldFieldPos (int) -- previous position of the field to move. Must be in the range [0,GetFieldCount()-1].

  • iNewFieldPos (int) -- new position of the field to move. Must be in the range [0,GetFieldCount()-1].

Returns:

osgeo.ogr.OGRERR_NONE on success.

Return type:

int

ReorderFields(Layer self, int nList) OGRErr

Reorder all the fields of a layer.

For more details: OGR_L_ReorderFields()

Parameters:

nList (list[int]) -- A list of GetLayerDefn().GetFieldCount() elements which is a permutation of [0, GetLayerDefn().GetFieldCount()-1].

Returns:

osgeo.ogr.OGRERR_NONE on success.

Return type:

int

ResetReading(Layer self)

Reset feature reading to start on the first feature.

For more details: OGR_L_ResetReading()

RollbackTransaction(Layer self) OGRErr

Roll back a datasource to its state before the start of the current transaction.

For more details: OGR_L_RollbackTransaction()

Returns:

osgeo.ogr.OGRERR_NONE on success.

Return type:

int

SetActiveSRS(Layer self, int geom_field, SpatialReference srs) OGRErr
SetAttributeFilter(Layer self, char * filter_string) OGRErr

Set a new attribute query.

For more details: OGR_L_SetAttributeFilter()

Parameters:

filter_string (str) -- query in restricted SQL WHERE format, or None to clear the current query.

Returns:

osgeo.ogr.OGRERR_NONE if successfully installed, or an error code if the query expression is in error, or some other failure occurs.

Return type:

int

SetFeature(Layer self, Feature feature) OGRErr

Rewrite an existing feature.

For more details: OGR_L_SetFeature()

To set a feature, but create it if it doesn't exist see Layer.UpsertFeature().

Parameters:

feature (Feature) -- The feature to write.

Returns:

osgeo.ogr.OGRERR_NONE if the operation works, otherwise an appropriate error code (e.g osgeo.ogr.OGRERR_NON_EXISTING_FEATURE if the feature does not exist).

Return type:

int

SetIgnoredFields(Layer self, char const ** options) OGRErr

Set which fields can be omitted when retrieving features from the layer.

For more details: OGR_L_SetIgnoredFields()

Parameters:

options (list[str]) -- A list of field names. If an empty list is passed, the ignored list is cleared.

Returns:

osgeo.ogr.OGRERR_NONE if all field names have been resolved (even if the driver does not support this method)

Return type:

int

SetNextByIndex(Layer self, GIntBig new_index) OGRErr

Move read cursor to the nIndex'th feature in the current resultset.

For more details: OGR_L_SetNextByIndex()

Parameters:

new_index (int) -- The index indicating how many steps into the result set to seek.

Returns:

osgeo.ogr.OGRERR_NONE on success or an error code.

Return type:

int

SetSpatialFilter(Layer self, Geometry filter)
SetSpatialFilter(Layer self, int iGeomField, Geometry filter) None

Set a new spatial filter.

For more details:

Parameters:
  • iGeomField (int, optional) -- index of the geometry field on which the spatial filter operates.

  • filter (Geometry) -- The geometry to use as a filtering region. None may be passed indicating that the current spatial filter should be cleared, but no new one instituted.

SetSpatialFilterRect(Layer self, double minx, double miny, double maxx, double maxy)
SetSpatialFilterRect(Layer self, int iGeomField, double minx, double miny, double maxx, double maxy) None

Set a new rectangular spatial filter.

For more details:

Parameters:
  • iGeomField (int, optional) -- index of the geometry field on which the spatial filter operates.

  • minx (float) -- the minimum X coordinate for the rectangular region.

  • miny (float) -- the minimum Y coordinate for the rectangular region.

  • maxx (float) -- the maximum X coordinate for the rectangular region.

  • maxy (float) -- the maximum Y coordinate for the rectangular region.

SetStyleTable(Layer self, StyleTable table)

Set style table.

For more details: OGR_L_SetStyleTable()

StartTransaction(Layer self) OGRErr

For datasources which support transactions, this creates a transaction.

For more details: OGR_L_StartTransaction()

Returns:

osgeo.ogr.OGRERR_NONE on success.

Return type:

int

SymDifference(Layer self, Layer method_layer, Layer result_layer, char ** options=None, GDALProgressFunc callback=0, void * callback_data=None) OGRErr

Symmetrical difference of two layers.

For more details: OGR_L_SymDifference()

Parameters:
  • method_layer (Layer) -- the method layer. Should not be None.

  • result_layer (Layer) -- the layer where the features resulting from the operation are inserted. Should not be None.

  • options (list[str], optional) -- List of options (empty list is allowed). For example ["PROMOTE_TO_MULTI=YES"].

  • callback (Callable, optional) -- a GDALProgressFunc() compatible callback function for reporting progress or None.

  • callback_data -- Argument to be passed to 'callback'. May be None.

Returns:

An error code if there was an error or the execution was interrupted, osgeo.ogr.OGRERR_NONE otherwise.

Return type:

int

SyncToDisk(Layer self) OGRErr

Flush pending changes to disk.

For more details: OGR_L_SyncToDisk()

Returns:

osgeo.ogr.OGRERR_NONE if no error occurs (even if nothing is done) or an error code.

Return type:

int

TestCapability(Layer self, char const * cap) bool

Test if this layer supported the named capability.

For more details: OGR_L_TestCapability()

Parameters:

cap (str) -- The name of the capability to test. These can be found in the osgeo.ogr namespace. For example, osgeo.ogr.OLCRandomRead.

Returns:

True if the layer has the requested capability, or False otherwise. Will return False for any unrecognized capabilities.

Return type:

int

Union(Layer self, Layer method_layer, Layer result_layer, char ** options=None, GDALProgressFunc callback=0, void * callback_data=None) OGRErr

Union of two layers.

For more details: OGR_L_Union()

The first geometry field is always used.

Parameters:
  • method_layer (Layer) -- the method layer. Should not be None.

  • result_layer (Layer) -- the layer where the features resulting from the operation are inserted. Should not be None.

  • options (list[str], optional) -- List of options (empty list is allowed). For example ["PROMOTE_TO_MULTI=YES"].

  • callback (Callable, optional) -- a GDALProgressFunc() compatible callback function for reporting progress or None.

  • callback_data -- Argument to be passed to 'callback'. May be None.

Returns:

An error code if there was an error or the execution was interrupted, osgeo.ogr.OGRERR_NONE otherwise.

Return type:

int

Update(Layer self, Layer method_layer, Layer result_layer, char ** options=None, GDALProgressFunc callback=0, void * callback_data=None) OGRErr

Update this layer with features from the update layer.

For more details: OGR_L_Update()

Parameters:
  • method_layer (Layer) -- the method layer. Should not be None.

  • result_layer (Layer) -- the layer where the features resulting from the operation are inserted. Should not be None.

  • options (list[str], optional) -- List of options (empty list is allowed). For example ["PROMOTE_TO_MULTI=YES"].

  • callback (Callable, optional) -- a GDALProgressFunc() compatible callback function for reporting progress or None.

  • callback_data -- Argument to be passed to 'callback'. May be None.

Returns:

An error code if there was an error or the execution was interrupted, osgeo.ogr.OGRERR_NONE otherwise.

Return type:

int

UpdateFeature(Layer self, Feature feature, int nUpdatedFieldsCount, int nUpdatedGeomFieldsCount, bool bUpdateStyleString) OGRErr
UpsertFeature(Layer self, Feature feature) OGRErr

Rewrite an existing feature or create a new feature within a layer.

For more details: OGR_L_UpsertFeature()

Parameters:

feature (Feature) -- The feature to write to disk.

Returns:

osgeo.ogr.OGRERR_NONE on success.

Return type:

int

WriteArrow(obj, requested_schema=None, createFieldsFromSchema=None, options=[])

Write the content of the passed object, which must implement the __arrow_c_stream__ or __arrow_c_array__ interface, into the layer.

Parameters:
  • obj -- Object implementing the __arrow_c_stream__ or __arrow_c_array__ interface

  • requested_schema (PyCapsule, object implementing __arrow_c_schema__ or None. Default None) -- The schema to which the stream should be casted, passed as a PyCapsule containing a C ArrowSchema representation of the requested schema, or an object implementing the __arrow_c_schema__ interface.

  • createFieldsFromSchema (boolean or None. Default to None) -- Whether OGRLayer::CreateFieldFromArrowSchema() should be called. If None specified, it is called if no fields have been created yet

  • options (list of strings) -- Options to pass to OGRLayer::CreateFieldFromArrowSchema() and OGRLayer::WriteArrowBatch()

WriteArrowBatch(Layer self, ArrowSchema schema, ArrowArray array, char ** options=None) OGRErr
WriteArrowSchemaAndArrowArrayCapsule(Layer self, PyObject * schemaCapsule, PyObject * arrayCapsule, int createFieldsFromSchema, char ** options=None) OGRErr
WriteArrowStreamCapsule(Layer self, PyObject * capsule, int createFieldsFromSchema, char ** options=None) OGRErr
WritePyArrow(pa_batch, options=[])

Write the content of the passed PyArrow batch (either a pyarrow.Table, a pyarrow.RecordBatch or a pyarrow.StructArray) into the layer.

See also the WriteArrow() method to be independent of PyArrow

property schema

Feature

class osgeo.ogr.Feature(*args, **kwargs)

Python proxy of an OGRFeature.

Clone(Feature self) Feature

Duplicate a Feature. See OGRFeature::Clone().

Return type:

Feature

Dereference()
Destroy()

Once called, self has effectively been destroyed. Do not access. For backwards compatibility only

DumpReadable(Feature self)

Print this feature in a human readable form.

This dumps the attributes and geometry. It doesn't include definition information other than field types and names nor does it report the geometry spatial reference system.

See OGRFeature::DumpReadable().

Examples

>>> with gdal.OpenEx('data/poly.shp') as ds:
...     lyr = ds.GetLayer(0)
...     feature = lyr.GetNextFeature()
...     feature.DumpReadable()
...
OGRFeature(poly):0
  AREA (Real) = 215229.266
  EAS_ID (Integer64) = 168
  PRFEDEA (String) = 35043411
  POLYGON ((479819.84375 4765180.5,479690.1875 4765259.5,479647.0 4765369.5,479730.375 4765400.5,480039.03125 4765539.5,480035.34375 4765558.5,480159.78125 4765610.5,480202.28125 4765482.0,480365.0 4765015.5,480389.6875 4764950.0,480133.96875 4764856.5,480080.28125 4764979.5,480082.96875 4765049.5,480088.8125 4765139.5,480059.90625 4765239.5,480019.71875 4765319.5,479980.21875 4765409.5,479909.875 4765370.0,479859.875 4765270.0,479819.84375 4765180.5))
DumpReadableAsString(Feature self, char ** options=None) retStringAndCPLFree *

Return feature information in a human-readable form. Returns the text printed by Feature.DumpReadable().

Return type:

str

Equal(Feature self, Feature feature) bool

Test if two features are the same.

Two features are considered equal if they reference the same FeatureDefn, have the same field values, and the same geometry (as tested by Geometry.Equal()) as well as the same feature id.

See OGRFeature::Equal().

Parameters:

feature (Feature) -- feature to test this one against

Return type:

bool

ExportToJson(as_object=False, options=None)

Export a GeoJSON object which represents the Feature.

Parameters:
  • as_object (bool, default = False) -- determines whether the returned value should be a Python object instead of a string.

  • options (dict/str) -- Options to pass to Geometry.ExportToJson()

Return type:

str / dict

FillUnsetWithDefault(Feature self, int bNotNullableOnly=FALSE, char ** options=None)

Fill unset fields with default values that might be defined.

See OGRFeature::FillUnsetWithDefault().

Parameters:
  • bNotNullableOnly (bool) -- if we should fill only unset fields with a not-null constraint.

  • options (dict) -- unused currently.

GetDefnRef(Feature self) FeatureDefn

Fetch the FeatureDefn associated with this Feature.

See OGRFeature::GetDefnRef().

Return type:

FeatureDefn

GetFID(Feature self) GIntBig

Get feature identifier. See OGRFeature::GetFID()

Returns:

feature id or NullFID if none has been assigned.

Return type:

int

GetField(fld_index)

Get the value of a field in its native type.

Alternatively, the [] operator may be used.

Parameters:

fld_index (int / str) -- Field name or 0-based numeric index. For repeated access, use of the numeric index avoids a lookup step.

Examples

>>> with gdal.OpenEx("data/poly.shp") as ds:
...     lyr = ds.GetLayer(0)
...     feature = lyr.GetNextFeature()
...     # name-based access
...     feature.GetField("EAS_ID")
...     feature["EAS_ID"]
...     # index-based access
...     index = feature.GetFieldIndex("EAS_ID")
...     feature.GetField(index)
...     feature[index]
...
168
168
168
168
GetFieldAsBinary(Feature self, int id) OGRErr
GetFieldAsBinary(Feature self, char const * field_name) OGRErr

Fetch field value as binary.

This method only works for OFTBinary and OFTString fields.

See OGRFeature::GetFieldAsBinary().

Parameters:

fld_index (int / str) -- Field name or 0-based numeric index. For repeated access, use of the numeric index avoids a lookup step.

Return type:

bytearray

GetFieldAsDateTime(Feature self, int id)
GetFieldAsDateTime(Feature self, char const * field_name) None

Fetch field value as date and time.

Currently this method only works for OFTDate, OFTTime and OFTDateTime fields.

See OGRFeature::GetFieldAsDateTime().

Parameters:

fld_index (int / str) -- Field name or 0-based numeric index. For repeated access, use of the numeric index avoids a lookup step.

Returns:

list containing [ year, month, day, hour, minute, second, timezone flag ]

Return type:

list

Examples

>>> from datetime import datetime
>>> from zoneinfo import ZoneInfo
>>> defn = ogr.FeatureDefn()
>>> defn.AddFieldDefn(ogr.FieldDefn('unknown', ogr.OFTDateTime))
>>> defn.AddFieldDefn(ogr.FieldDefn('local', ogr.OFTDateTime))
>>> defn.AddFieldDefn(ogr.FieldDefn('utc', ogr.OFTDateTime))
>>> feature = ogr.Feature(defn)
>>> feature['unknown'] = datetime.now()
>>> feature['local'] = datetime.now(ZoneInfo('Canada/Eastern'))
>>> feature['utc'] = datetime.now(ZoneInfo('UTC'))
>>> feature.GetFieldAsDateTime('unknown')
[2024, 3, 15, 20, 34, 52.594173431396484, 0]
>>> feature.GetFieldAsDateTime('local')
[2024, 3, 15, 20, 34, 52.59502410888672, 84]
>>> feature.GetFieldAsDateTime('utc')
[2024, 3, 16, 0, 34, 52.59580993652344, 100]
GetFieldAsDouble(Feature self, int id) double
GetFieldAsDouble(Feature self, char const * field_name) double

Fetch field value as a double.

OFTString features will be translated using CPLAtof(). OFTInteger fields will be cast to double. Other field types, or errors will result in a return value of zero.

See OGRFeature::GetFieldAsDouble().

Parameters:

fld_index (int / str) -- Field name or 0-based numeric index. For repeated access, use of the numeric index avoids a lookup step.

Returns:

the field value.

Return type:

float

GetFieldAsDoubleList(Feature self, int id)
GetFieldAsDoubleList(Feature self, char const * field_name) None

Fetch field value as a list of doubles.

Currently this function only works for OFTRealList fields.

See OGRFeature::GetFieldAsDoubleList().

Parameters:

fld_index (int / str) -- Field name or 0-based numeric index. For repeated access, use of the numeric index avoids a lookup step.

Return type:

list

Examples

>>> defn = ogr.FeatureDefn()
>>> defn.AddFieldDefn(ogr.FieldDefn('list', ogr.OFTRealList))
>>> feature = ogr.Feature(defn)
>>> feature['list'] = [1.1, 2.2, 3.3]
>>> feature.GetFieldAsDoubleList('list')
[1.1, 2.2, 3.3]
GetFieldAsISO8601DateTime(Feature self, int id, char ** options=None) char const
GetFieldAsISO8601DateTime(Feature self, char const * field_name, char ** options=None) char const *

Fetch OFTDateTime field value as a ISO8601 representation.

Return a string like 'YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SS(.sss)?(Z|([+|-]HH:MM))?' Milliseconds are omitted if equal to zero. Other field types, or errors will result in a return of an empty string.

See OGRFeature::GetFieldAsISO8601DateTime().

New in version 3.7.

Parameters:
  • fld_index (int / str) -- Field name or 0-based numeric index. For repeated access, use of the numeric index avoids a lookup step.

  • options (dict / str) -- Not currently used.

GetFieldAsInteger(Feature self, int id) int
GetFieldAsInteger(Feature self, char const * field_name) int

Fetch field value as a 32-bit integer.

OFTString features will be translated using atoi(). OFTReal fields will be cast to integer. Other field types, or errors will result in a return value of zero.

See GetFieldAsInteger().

Parameters:

fld_index (int / str) -- Field name or 0-based numeric index. For repeated access, use of the numeric index avoids a lookup step.

Returns:

the field value.

Return type:

int

Examples

>>> defn = ogr.FeatureDefn()
>>> defn.AddFieldDefn(ogr.FieldDefn('my_int', ogr.OFTInteger64))
>>> feature = ogr.Feature(defn)
>>> feature['my_int'] = 2**32 + 1
>>> feature.GetFieldAsInteger('my_int')
Warning 1: Integer overflow occurred when trying to return 64bit integer. Use GetFieldAsInteger64() instead
2147483647
>>> feature.GetFieldAsInteger64('my_int')
4294967297
>>> feature.GetField('my_int')
4294967297
GetFieldAsInteger64(Feature self, int id) GIntBig
GetFieldAsInteger64(Feature self, char const * field_name) GIntBig

Fetch field value as integer 64 bit.

OFTInteger are promoted to 64 bit. OFTString features will be translated using CPLAtoGIntBig(). OFTReal fields will be cast to integer. Other field types, or errors will result in a return value of zero.

See OGRFeature::GetFieldAsInteger64().

Parameters:

fld_index (int / str) -- Field name or 0-based numeric index. For repeated access, use of the numeric index avoids a lookup step.

Returns:

the field value.

Return type:

int

GetFieldAsInteger64List(Feature self, int id)

Fetch field value as a list of 64 bit integers.

Currently this function only works for OFTInteger64List fields.

See OGRFeature::GetFieldAsInteger64List().

Parameters:

fld_index (int / str) -- Field name or 0-based numeric index. For repeated access, use of the numeric index avoids a lookup step.

Returns:

the field value.

Return type:

list

GetFieldAsIntegerList(Feature self, int id)
GetFieldAsIntegerList(Feature self, char const * field_name) None

Fetch field value as a list of integers.

Currently this function only works for OFTIntegerList fields.

This function is the same as the C++ method OGRFeature::GetFieldAsIntegerList().

Parameters:

fld_index (int / str) -- Field name or 0-based numeric index. For repeated access, use of the numeric index avoids a lookup step.

Returns:

the field value.

Return type:

list

GetFieldAsString(Feature self, int id) char const
GetFieldAsString(Feature self, char const * field_name) char const *

OFTReal and OFTInteger fields will be translated to string using sprintf(), but not necessarily using the established formatting rules. Other field types, or errors will result in a return value of zero.

See OGRFeature::GetFieldAsString().

Parameters:

fld_index (int / str) -- Field name or 0-based numeric index. For repeated access, use of the numeric index avoids a lookup step.

Returns:

the field value.

Return type:

str

GetFieldAsStringList(Feature self, int id) char **

Fetch field value as a list of strings.

Currently this method only works for OFTStringList fields.

See OGRFeature::GetFieldAsStringList().

Parameters:

fld_index (int / str) -- Field name or 0-based numeric index. For repeated access, use of the numeric index avoids a lookup step.

Returns:

the field value.

Return type:

list

GetFieldCount(Feature self) int

Fetch number of fields on this feature This will always be the same as the field count for the FeatureDefn.

See OGRFeature::GetFieldCount().

Returns:

count of fields.

Return type:

int

GetFieldDefnRef(Feature self, int id) FieldDefn
GetFieldDefnRef(Feature self, char const * field_name) FieldDefn

Fetch definition for this field.

See OGRFeature::GetFieldDefnRef().

Parameters:

fld_index (int / str) -- Field name or 0-based numeric index. For repeated access, use of the numeric index avoids a lookup step.

Returns:

a reference to the field definition. This reference should not be modified.

Return type:

FieldDefn

GetFieldIndex(Feature self, char const * field_name) int

Fetch the field index given field name.

See OGRFeature::GetFieldIndex().

Parameters:

field_name -- the name of the field to search for.

Returns:

the field index, or -1 if no matching field is found.

Return type:

int

GetFieldType(Feature self, int id) OGRFieldType
GetFieldType(Feature self, char const * field_name) OGRFieldType

Return the type of the given field.

Parameters:

fld_index (int / str) -- Field name or 0-based numeric index. For repeated access, use of the numeric index avoids a lookup step.

Returns:

field type code (e.g., OFTInteger)

Return type:

int

GetGeomFieldCount(Feature self) int

Fetch number of geometry fields on this feature This will always be the same as the geometry field count for the FeatureDefn.

See OGRFeature::GetGeomFieldCount().

Returns:

count of geometry fields.

Return type:

int

GetGeomFieldDefnRef(Feature self, int id) GeomFieldDefn
GetGeomFieldDefnRef(Feature self, char const * field_name) GeomFieldDefn

Fetch definition for this geometry field.

See OGRFeature::GetGeomFieldDefnRef().

Parameters:

fld_index (int / str) -- Field name or 0-based numeric index. For repeated access, use of the numeric index avoids a lookup step.

Returns:

a reference to the field definition. Should not be deleted or modified.

Return type:

GeomFieldDefn

GetGeomFieldIndex(Feature self, char const * field_name) int

Fetch the geometry field index given geometry field name.

See OGRFeature::GetGeomFieldIndex().

Parameters:

field_name -- the name of the geometry field to search for.

Returns:

the geometry field index, or -1 if no matching geometry field is found.

Return type:

int

GetGeomFieldRef(Feature self, int iField) Geometry
GetGeomFieldRef(Feature self, char const * field_name) Geometry

Fetch a feature Geometry.

See OGRFeature::GetGeomFieldRef().

Parameters:

fld_index (int / str) -- Field name or 0-based numeric index. For repeated access, use of the numeric index avoids a lookup step.

Return type:

Geometry

GetGeometryRef(Feature self) Geometry

Return the feature geometry

The lifetime of the returned geometry is bound to the one of its belonging feature.

See OGRFeature::GetGeometryRef()

The Feature.geometry() method is also available as an alias of Feature.GetGeometryRef().

Returns:

the geometry, or None.

Return type:

Geometry

GetNativeData(Feature self) char const *

Returns the native data for the feature.

The native data is the representation in a "natural" form that comes from the driver that created this feature, or that is aimed at an output driver. The native data may be in different format, which is indicated by GetNativeMediaType().

Note that most drivers do not support storing the native data in the feature object, and if they do, generally the NATIVE_DATA open option must be passed at dataset opening.

The "native data" does not imply it is something more performant or powerful than what can be obtained with the rest of the API, but it may be useful in round-tripping scenarios where some characteristics of the underlying format are not captured otherwise by the OGR abstraction.

See OGRFeature::GetNativeData() and RFC 60 : Improved round-tripping in OGR.

Returns:

a string with the native data, or None.

Return type:

str

GetNativeMediaType(Feature self) char const *

Returns the native media type for the feature.

The native media type is the identifier for the format of the native data. It follows the IANA RFC 2045 (seehttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Media_type), e.g. "application/vnd.geo+json" for JSon.

See OGRFeature::GetNativeMediaType() and RFC 60 : Improved round-tripping in OGR.

Returns:

a string with the native media type, or None.

Return type:

str

GetStyleString(Feature self) char const *

Fetch style string for this feature.

Set the OGR Feature Style Specification for details on the format of this string, and ogr_featurestyle.h for services available to parse it.

See OGRFeature::GetStyleString().

Return type:

str or None

IsFieldNull(Feature self, int id) bool
IsFieldNull(Feature self, char const * field_name) bool

Test if a field is null.

See :cpp:func:OGRFeature::IsFieldNull.

Parameters:

fld_index (int / str) -- Field name or 0-based numeric index. For repeated access, use of the numeric index avoids a lookup step.

Returns:

True if the field is null, otherwise False

Return type:

bool

IsFieldSet(Feature self, int id) bool
IsFieldSet(Feature self, char const * field_name) bool

Test if a field has ever been assigned a value or not.

See OGRFeature::IsFieldSet().

Parameters:

fld_index (int / str) -- Field name or 0-based numeric index. For repeated access, use of the numeric index avoids a lookup step.

Returns:

True if the field has been set, otherwise False.

Return type:

bool

IsFieldSetAndNotNull(Feature self, int id) bool
IsFieldSetAndNotNull(Feature self, char const * field_name) bool

Test if a field is set and not null.

See OGRFeature::IsFieldSetAndNotNull().

Parameters:

fld_index (int / str) -- Field name or 0-based numeric index. For repeated access, use of the numeric index avoids a lookup step.

Returns:

True if the field is set and not null, otherwise False.

Return type:

bool

Reference()
SetFID(Feature self, GIntBig fid) OGRErr

Set the feature identifier.

For specific types of features this operation may fail on illegal features ids. Generally it always succeeds. Feature ids should be greater than or equal to zero, with the exception of :py:const:NullFID` (-1) indicating that the feature id is unknown.

See OGRFeature::SetFID().

Parameters:

fid -- the new feature identifier value to assign.

Returns:

OGRERR_NONE on success, or some other value on failure.

Return type:

int

SetField(self, fld_index, value: str)
SetField(self, fld_name, value: str) None
SetField(self, fld_index, value: int) None
SetField(self, fld_name, value: int) None
SetField(self, fld_index, value: float) None
SetField(self, fld_name, value: float) None
SetField(self, fld_index, year: int, month: int, day: int, hour: int, minute: int, second: int | float, tzflag: int) None
SetField(self, fld_name, year: int, month: int, day: int, hour: int, minute: int, second: int | float, tzflag: int) None
SetField(self, fld_index, value: bytes) None
SetField(self, fld_name, value: bytes) None
SetFieldBinary(Feature self, field_index_or_name: int | str, value: bytes)

Set field to binary data. This function currently only has an effect on OFTBinary fields. This function is the same as the C++ method OGRFeature::SetField().

Parameters:
  • field_index_or_name -- the field to set, from 0 to GetFieldCount()-1. Or the field name

  • values -- the data to apply.

SetFieldBinaryFromHexString(Feature self, int id, char const * pszValue)
SetFieldBinaryFromHexString(Feature self, char const * field_name, char const * pszValue) None
SetFieldDoubleList(Feature self, int id, int nList)

Set field to list of double values.

This function currently on has an effect of OFTIntegerList, OFTInteger64List, OFTRealList fields.

See OGRFeature::SetField().

This method has only an effect on the in-memory feature object. If this object comes from a layer and the modifications must be serialized back to the datasource, Layer.SetFeature() must be used afterwards. Or if this is a new feature, Layer.CreateFeature() must be used afterwards.

Parameters:
  • id (int) -- the field to set, from 0 to GetFieldCount()-1.

  • nList (list) -- the values to assign.

SetFieldInteger64(Feature self, int id, GIntBig value)
SetFieldInteger64List(Feature self, int id, int nList)

void

Set field to list of 64 bit integer values.

This function currently on has an effect of OFTIntegerList, OFTInteger64List, OFTRealList fields.

See OGRFeature::SetField().

This method has only an effect on the in-memory feature object. If this object comes from a layer and the modifications must be serialized back to the datasource, Layer.SetFeature() must be used afterwards. Or if this is a new feature, Layer.CreateFeature() must be used afterwards.

Parameters:
  • id (int) -- the field to set, from 0 to GetFieldCount()-1.

  • nList (list) -- the values to assign.

SetFieldIntegerList(Feature self, int id, int nList)

void

Set field to list of integer values.

This function currently on has an effect of OFTIntegerList, OFTInteger64List, OFTRealList fields.

See OGRFeature::SetField().

This method has only an effect on the in-memory feature object. If this object comes from a layer and the modifications must be serialized back to the datasource, Layer.SetFeature() must be used afterwards. Or if this is a new feature, Layer.CreateFeature() must be used afterwards.

Parameters:
  • id (int) -- the field to set, from 0 to GetFieldCount()-1.

  • nList (list) -- the values to assign.

SetFieldNull(Feature self, int id)
SetFieldNull(Feature self, char const * field_name) None

Clear a field, marking it as null.

See OGRFeature::SetFieldNull().

Parameters:

fld_index (int / str) -- Field name or 0-based numeric index. For repeated access, use of the numeric index avoids a lookup step.

SetFieldString(Feature self, int id, char const * value)

Set field to string value.

OFTInteger fields will be set based on an atoi() conversion of the string. OFTInteger64 fields will be set based on an CPLAtoGIntBig() conversion of the string. OFTReal fields will be set based on an CPLAtof() conversion of the string. Other field types may be unaffected.

See OGRFeature::SetField().

This method has only an effect on the in-memory feature object. If this object comes from a layer and the modifications must be serialized back to the datasource, Layer.SetFeature() must be used afterwards. Or if this is a new feature, Layer.CreateFeature() must be used afterwards.

Parameters:
  • fld_index (int / str) -- Field name or 0-based numeric index. For repeated access, use of the numeric index avoids a lookup step.

  • value -- the value to assign.

SetFieldStringList(Feature self, int id, char ** pList)

Set field to list of strings value.

This function currently only has an effect of OFTStringList fields.

See OGRFeature::SetField().

This method has only an effect on the in-memory feature object. If this object comes from a layer and the modifications must be serialized back to the datasource, Layer.SetFeature() must be used afterwards. Or if this is a new feature, Layer.CreateFeature() must be used afterwards.

Parameters:
  • fld_index (int / str) -- Field name or 0-based numeric index. For repeated access, use of the numeric index avoids a lookup step.

  • value -- the value to assign.

SetFrom(Feature self, Feature other, int forgiving=1) OGRErr

Set one feature from another.

Overwrite the contents of this feature from the geometry and attributes of another. The other feature does not need to have the same FeatureDefn. Field values are copied by corresponding field names. Field types do not have to exactly match. OGR_F_SetField*() function conversion rules will be applied as needed.

See OGRFeature::SetFrom().

Parameters:
  • other (Feature) -- feature from which geometry and field values will be copied.

  • forgiving (bool, default = True) -- True if the operation should continue despite lacking output fields matching some of the source fields.

Returns:

OGRERR_NONE if the operation succeeds, even if some values are not transferred, otherwise an error code.

Return type:

int

SetFromWithMap(Feature self, Feature other, int forgiving, int nList) OGRErr

Set one feature from another.

Overwrite the contents of this feature from the geometry and attributes of another. The other feature does not need to have the same FeatureDefn. Field values are copied according to the provided indices map. Field types do not have to exactly match. OGR_F_SetField*() function conversion rules will be applied as needed. This is more efficient than :py:meth:SetFrom` in that this doesn't lookup the fields by their names. Particularly useful when the field names don't match.

See OGRFeature::SetFrom().

Parameters:
  • other (Feature) -- handle to the feature from which geometry, and field values will be copied.

  • forgiving (bool) -- True if the operation should continue despite lacking output fields matching some of the source fields.

  • nList (list) -- Array of the indices of the destination feature's fields stored at the corresponding index of the source feature's fields. A value of -1 should be used to ignore the source's field. The array should not be NULL and be as long as the number of fields in the source feature.

Returns:

OGRERR_NONE if the operation succeeds, even if some values are not transferred, otherwise an error code.

Return type:

OGRErr

SetGeomField(Feature self, int iField, Geometry geom) OGRErr
SetGeomField(Feature self, char const * field_name, Geometry geom) OGRErr

Set feature geometry of a specified geometry field.

This function updates the features geometry, and operates exactly as SetGeomFieldDirectly(), except that this function does not assume ownership of the passed geometry, but instead makes a copy of it.

See OGRFeature::SetGeomField().

Parameters:
  • fld_index (int / str) -- Geometry field name or 0-based numeric index. For repeated access, use of the numeric index avoids a lookup step.

  • geom (Geometry) -- handle to the new geometry to apply to feature.

Returns:

OGRERR_NONE if successful, or OGR_UNSUPPORTED_GEOMETRY_TYPE if the geometry type is illegal for the FeatureDefn (checking not yet implemented).

Return type:

int

SetGeomFieldDirectly(field, geom)

Set feature geometry of a specified geometry field.

This function updates the features geometry, and operates exactly as SetGeomField(), except that this function assumes ownership of the passed geometry (even in case of failure of that function).

See OGRFeature::SetGeomFieldDirectly().

Parameters:
  • fld_index (int / str) -- Geometry field name or 0-based numeric index. For repeated access, use of the numeric index avoids a lookup step.

  • geom (Geometry) -- handle to the new geometry to apply to feature.

Returns:

OGRERR_NONE if successful, or OGR_UNSUPPORTED_GEOMETRY_TYPE if the geometry type is illegal for the FeatureDefn (checking not yet implemented).

Return type:

int

SetGeometry(Feature self, Geometry geom) OGRErr

Set feature geometry.

This function updates the features geometry, and operates exactly as SetGeometryDirectly(), except that this function does not assume ownership of the passed geometry, but instead makes a copy of it.

See OGRFeature::SetGeometry().

This method has only an effect on the in-memory feature object. If this object comes from a layer and the modifications must be serialized back to the datasource, Layer.SetFeature() must be used afterwards. Or if this is a new feature, Layer.CreateFeature() must be used afterwards.

Parameters:

geom (Geometry) -- new geometry to apply to feature.

Returns:

OGRERR_NONE if successful, or OGR_UNSUPPORTED_GEOMETRY_TYPE if the geometry type is illegal for the FeatureDefn (checking not yet implemented).

Return type:

int

SetGeometryDirectly(geom)

Set feature geometry.

This function updates the features geometry, and operates exactly as SetGeometry(), except that this function assumes ownership of the passed geometry (even in case of failure of that function).

See OGRFeature::SetGeometryDirectly().

This method has only an effect on the in-memory feature object. If this object comes from a layer and the modifications must be serialized back to the datasource, Layer.SetFeature() must be used afterwards. Or if this is a new feature, Layer.CreateFeature() must be used afterwards.

Parameters:

geom (Geometry) -- geometry to apply to feature.

Returns:

OGRERR_NONE if successful, or OGR_UNSUPPORTED_GEOMETRY_TYPE if the geometry type is illegal for the FeatureDefn (checking not yet implemented).

Return type:

int

SetNativeData(Feature self, char const * nativeData)

Sets the native data for the feature.

The native data is the representation in a "natural" form that comes from the driver that created this feature, or that is aimed at an output driver. The native data may be in different format, which is indicated by GetNativeMediaType().

See OGRFeature::SetNativeData() and RFC 60 : Improved round-tripping in OGR.

Parameters:

nativeData (str) -- a string with the native data, or None

SetNativeMediaType(Feature self, char const * nativeMediaType)

Sets the native media type for the feature.

The native media type is the identifier for the format of the native data. It follows the IANA RFC 2045 (see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Media_type), e.g. "application/vnd.geo+json" for JSon.

See OGRFeature::SetNativeMediaType() and RFC 60 : Improved round-tripping in OGR.

Parameters:

nativeMediaType (str) -- a string with the native media type, or None

SetStyleString(Feature self, char const * the_string)

Set feature style string.

See OGRFeature::SetStyleString().

Parameters:

the_string (str) -- the style string to apply to this feature

UnsetField(Feature self, int id)
UnsetField(Feature self, char const * field_name) None

Clear a field, marking it as unset.

See OGRFeature::UnsetField().

Parameters:

fld_index (int / str) -- Field name or 0-based numeric index. For repeated access, use of the numeric index avoids a lookup step.

Validate(Feature self, int flags=OGR_F_VAL_ALL, int bEmitError=TRUE) int

Validate that a feature meets constraints of its schema.

The scope of test is specified with the flags parameter.

Regarding OGR_F_VAL_WIDTH, the test is done assuming the string width must be interpreted as the number of UTF-8 characters. Some drivers might interpret the width as the number of bytes instead. So this test is rather conservative (if it fails, then it will fail for all interpretations).

See OGRFeature::Validate().

Parameters:
  • flags (int, default = F_VAL_ALL) -- One ore more of OGR_F_VAL_NULL, OGR_F_VAL_GEOM_TYPE, py:const:OGR_F_VAL_WIDTH and OGR_F_VAL_ALLOW_NULL_WHEN_DEFAULT combined with the with | operator

  • bEmitError (bool, default = True) -- TRUE if a CPLError() must be emitted when a check fails

Returns:

TRUE if all enabled validation tests pass.

Return type:

int

geometry()

Return the feature geometry

The lifetime of the returned geometry is bound to the one of its belonging feature.

For more details: OGR_F_GetGeometryRef()

The GetGeometryRef() method is also available as an alias of geometry()

Returns:

the geometry, or None.

Return type:

Geometry

items()

Return a dictionary with the field names as key, and their value in the feature

keys()

Return the list of field names (of the layer definition)

Geometry

class osgeo.ogr.Geometry(*args, **kwargs)

Proxy of C++ OGRGeometryShadow class.

AddGeometry(Geometry self, Geometry other) OGRErr
AddGeometryDirectly(Geometry self, Geometry other_disown) OGRErr
AddPoint(Geometry self, double x, double y, double z=0)
AddPointM(Geometry self, double x, double y, double m)
AddPointZM(Geometry self, double x, double y, double z, double m)
AddPoint_2D(Geometry self, double x, double y)
Area(Geometry self) double

Compute geometry area.

The returned area is a 2D Cartesian (planar) area in square units of the spatial reference system in use, so potentially 'square degrees' for a geometry expressed in a geographic SRS.

For more details: OGR_G_Area()

Returns:

the area of the geometry in square units of the spatial reference system in use, or 0.0 for unsupported geometry types.

Return type:

float

AssignSpatialReference(Geometry self, SpatialReference reference)

Assign spatial reference to this object.

For more details: OGR_G_AssignSpatialReference()

Parameters:

reference (SpatialReference) -- The new spatial reference system to apply.

Boundary(Geometry self) Geometry

Compute boundary.

For more details: OGR_G_Boundary()

Returns:

A new geometry or None on failure.

Return type:

Geometry

Buffer(Geometry self, double distance, int quadsecs=30) Geometry

Compute buffer of geometry.

For more details: OGR_G_Buffer()

Parameters:
  • distance (float) -- The buffer distance to be applied. Should be expressed into the same unit as the coordinates of the geometry.

  • quadsecs (int, default=30) -- The number of segments used to approximate a 90 degree (quadrant) of curvature.

Returns:

The newly created geometry or None if an error occurs.

Return type:

Geometry

Centroid(Geometry self) Geometry

Compute the geometry centroid.

For more details: OGR_G_Centroid()

Return type:

Geometry

Clone(Geometry self) Geometry

Make a copy of this object.

For more details: OGR_G_Clone()

Returns:

The copy of the geometry with the same spatial reference system as the original.

Return type:

Geometry

CloseRings(Geometry self)

Force rings to be closed.

For more details: OGR_G_CloseRings()

ConcaveHull(Geometry self, double ratio, bool allowHoles) Geometry
Contains(Geometry self, Geometry other) bool

Test for containment.

For more details: OGR_G_Contains()

Parameters:

other (Geometry) -- the other geometry to compare.

Returns:

True if this contains the other geometry, otherwise False.

Return type:

int

ConvexHull(Geometry self) Geometry

Compute convex hull.

For more details: OGR_G_ConvexHull()

Returns:

a handle to A newly allocated geometry now owned by the caller, or None on failure.

Return type:

Geometry

CoordinateDimension(Geometry self) int

Get the dimension of the coordinates in this geometry.

For more details: OGR_G_CoordinateDimension()

New in version 2.1.

Returns:

This will return 2 for XY, 3 for XYZ and XYM, and 4 for XYZM data.

Return type:

int

CreatePreparedGeometry(Geometry self) PreparedGeometry
Crosses(Geometry self, Geometry other) bool

Test for crossing.

For more details: OGR_G_Crosses()

Parameters:

other (Geometry) -- the other geometry to compare.

Returns:

True if they are crossing, otherwise False.

Return type:

int

DelaunayTriangulation(Geometry self, double dfTolerance=0.0, int bOnlyEdges=FALSE) Geometry

Return a Delaunay triangulation of the vertices of the geometry.

For more details: OGR_G_DelaunayTriangulation()

New in version 2.1.

Parameters:
  • dfTolerance (float) -- optional snapping tolerance to use for improved robustness

  • bOnlyEdges (bool) -- If True, will return a MULTILINESTRING, otherwise it will return a GEOMETRYCOLLECTION containing triangular POLYGONs.

Returns:

The geometry resulting from the Delaunay triangulation or None if an error occurs.

Return type:

Geometry

Destroy()
Difference(Geometry self, Geometry other) Geometry

Compute difference.

For more details: OGR_G_Difference()

Parameters:

other (Geometry) -- The other geometry.

Returns:

A new geometry representing the difference or None if the difference is empty or an error occurs.

Return type:

Geometry

Disjoint(Geometry self, Geometry other) bool

Test for disjointness.

For more details: OGR_G_Disjoint()

Parameters:

other (Geometry) -- The other geometry to compare.

Returns:

True if they are disjoint, otherwise False.

Return type:

int

Distance(Geometry self, Geometry other) double

Compute distance between two geometries.

For more details: OGR_G_Distance()

Parameters:

other (Geometry) -- The other geometry to compare against.

Returns:

The distance between the geometries or -1 if an error occurs.

Return type:

float

Distance3D(Geometry self, Geometry other) double

Returns the 3D distance between two geometries.

For more details: OGR_G_Distance3D()

New in version 2.2.

Parameters:

other (Geometry) -- The other geometry to compare against.

Returns:

The distance between the geometries or -1 if an error occurs.

Return type:

float

Empty(Geometry self)

Clear geometry information.

For more details: OGR_G_Empty()

Equal(Geometry self, Geometry other) bool
Equals(Geometry self, Geometry other) bool

Returns True if two geometries are equivalent.

For more details: OGR_G_Equals()

Parameters:

other (Geometry) -- The other geometry to test against.

Returns:

True if equivalent or False otherwise.

Return type:

int

ExportToGML(Geometry self, char ** options=None) retStringAndCPLFree *
ExportToIsoWkb(Geometry self, OGRwkbByteOrder byte_order=wkbNDR) OGRErr

Convert a geometry into SFSQL 1.2 / ISO SQL/MM Part 3 well known binary format.

For more details: OGR_G_ExportToIsoWkb()

New in version 2.0.

Parameters:

byte_order (osgeo.ogr.wkbXDR | osgeo.ogr.wkbNDR, default=osgeo.ogr.wkbNDR) -- One of wkbXDR or wkbNDR indicating MSB or LSB byte order respectively.

Return type:

bytes

ExportToIsoWkt(Geometry self) OGRErr

Convert a geometry into SFSQL 1.2 / ISO SQL/MM Part 3 well known text format.

For more details: OGR_G_ExportToIsoWkt()

New in version 2.0.

Return type:

str

ExportToJson(Geometry self, char ** options=None) retStringAndCPLFree *
ExportToKML(Geometry self, char const * altitude_mode=None) retStringAndCPLFree *
ExportToWkb(Geometry self, OGRwkbByteOrder byte_order=wkbNDR) OGRErr

Convert a geometry well known binary format.

For more details: OGR_G_ExportToWkb()

Parameters:

byte_order (osgeo.ogr.wkbXDR | osgeo.ogr.wkbNDR, default=osgeo.ogr.wkbNDR) -- One of wkbXDR or wkbNDR indicating MSB or LSB byte order respectively.

Return type:

bytes

ExportToWkt(Geometry self) OGRErr

Convert a geometry into well known text format.

For more details: OGR_G_ExportToWkt()

Return type:

str

FlattenTo2D(Geometry self)

Convert geometry to strictly 2D.

For more details: OGR_G_FlattenTo2D()

GeodesicArea(Geometry self) double

Compute geometry area, considered as a surface on the underlying ellipsoid of the SRS attached to the geometry.

For more details: OGR_G_GeodesicArea()

Returns:

the area in square meters, or a negative value for unsupported geometry types.

Return type:

float

GetArea(Geometry self) double
GetBoundary(Geometry self) Geometry

Compute boundary (deprecated)

For more details: OGR_G_GetBoundary()

..warning:: Deprecated

See: OGR_G_Boundary()

GetCoordinateDimension(Geometry self) int

Get the dimension of the coordinates in this geometry.

For more details: OGR_G_GetCoordinateDimension()

Warning

Deprecated. Use CoordinateDimension(), Is3D(), or IsMeasured().

Returns:

This will return 2 or 3.

Return type:

int

GetCurveGeometry(Geometry self, char ** options=None) Geometry
GetDimension(Geometry self) int

Get the dimension of this geometry.

For more details: OGR_G_GetDimension()

Returns:

0 for points, 1 for lines, and 2 for surfaces.

Return type:

int

GetEnvelope(Geometry self)

Computes and returns the bounding envelope for this geometry in the passed psEnvelope structure.

For more details: OGR_G_GetEnvelope()

Warning

Check the return order of the bounds.

Returns:

  • minx (float)

  • maxx (float)

  • miny (float)

  • maxy (float)

GetEnvelope3D(Geometry self)

Computes and returns the bounding envelope (3D) for this geometry in the passed psEnvelope structure.

For more details: OGR_G_GetEnvelope3D()

Warning

Check the return order of the bounds.

Returns:

  • minx (float)

  • maxx (float)

  • miny (float)

  • maxy (float)

  • minz (float)

  • maxz (float)

GetGeometryCount(Geometry self) int
GetGeometryName(Geometry self) char const *

Fetch WKT name for geometry type.

For more details: OGR_G_GetGeometryName()

geometry to get name from.

Return type:

str

GetGeometryRef(Geometry self, int geom) Geometry
GetGeometryType(Geometry self) OGRwkbGeometryType

Fetch geometry type.

For more details: OGR_G_GetGeometryType()

Returns:

The geometry type code. The types can be found with 'osgeo.ogr.wkb' prefix. For example osgeo.ogr.wkbPolygon.

Return type:

int

GetLinearGeometry(Geometry self, double dfMaxAngleStepSizeDegrees=0.0, char ** options=None) Geometry
GetM(Geometry self, int point=0) double
GetPoint(Geometry self, int iPoint=0)
GetPointCount(Geometry self) int
GetPointZM(Geometry self, int iPoint=0)
GetPoint_2D(Geometry self, int iPoint=0)
GetPoints(Geometry self, int nCoordDimension=0)
GetSpatialReference(Geometry self) SpatialReference

For more details: OGR_G_GetSpatialReference()

Returns spatial reference system for geometry.

Return type:

SpatialReference

GetX(Geometry self, int point=0) double
GetY(Geometry self, int point=0) double
GetZ(Geometry self, int point=0) double
HasCurveGeometry(Geometry self, int bLookForCircular=FALSE) int
Intersect(Geometry self, Geometry other) bool
Intersection(Geometry self, Geometry other) Geometry

Compute intersection.

For more details: OGR_G_Intersection()

Parameters:

other (Geometry) -- The other geometry.

Returns:

A new geometry representing the intersection or None if there is no intersection or an error occurs.

Return type:

Geometry

Intersects(Geometry self, Geometry other) bool

Determines whether two geometries intersect.

For more details: OGR_G_Intersects()

Parameters:

other (Geometry) -- The other geometry to test against.

Returns:

True if the geometries intersect, otherwise False.

Return type:

int

Is3D(Geometry self) int

See whether this geometry has Z coordinates.

For more details: OGR_G_Is3D()

New in version 2.1.

Returns:

True if the geometry has Z coordinates.

Return type:

int

IsClockwise(Geometry self) bool
IsEmpty(Geometry self) bool

Test if the geometry is empty.

For more details: OGR_G_IsEmpty()

Returns:

True if the geometry has no points, otherwise False.

Return type:

int

IsMeasured(Geometry self) int

See whether this geometry is measured.

For more details: OGR_G_IsMeasured()

New in version 2.1.

Returns:

True if the geometry has M coordinates.

Return type:

int

IsRing(Geometry self) bool

Test if the geometry is a ring.

For more details: OGR_G_IsRing()

Returns:

True if the geometry has no points, otherwise False.

Return type:

int

IsSimple(Geometry self) bool

Returns True if the geometry is simple.

For more details: OGR_G_IsSimple()

Returns:

True if object is simple, otherwise False.

Return type:

int

IsValid(Geometry self) bool

Test if the geometry is valid.

For more details: OGR_G_IsValid()

Returns:

True if the geometry has no points, otherwise False.

Return type:

int

Length(Geometry self) double
MakeValid(Geometry self, char ** options=None) Geometry

Attempts to make an invalid geometry valid without losing vertices.

For more details: OGR_G_MakeValidEx()

New in version 3.0.

New in version 3.4: options

Parameters:

options (list[str], optional) -- papszOptions to be passed in. For example: ["METHOD=STRUCTURE"].

Returns:

A newly allocated geometry now owned by the caller, or None on failure.

Return type:

Geometry

Normalize(Geometry self) Geometry

Attempts to bring geometry into normalized/canonical form.

For more details: OGR_G_Normalize()

New in version 3.3.

Returns:

A newly allocated geometry now owned by the caller, or None on failure.

Return type:

Geometry

Overlaps(Geometry self, Geometry other) bool

Test for overlap.

For more details: OGR_G_Overlaps()

Parameters:

other (Geometry) -- the other geometry to compare.

Returns:

True if they are overlapping, otherwise False.

Return type:

int

PointOnSurface(Geometry self) Geometry

Returns a point guaranteed to lie on the surface.

For more details: OGR_G_PointOnSurface()

Returns:

A point guaranteed to lie on the surface or None if an error occurred.

Return type:

Geometry

Polygonize(Geometry self) Geometry

Polygonizes a set of sparse edges.

For more details: OGR_G_Polygonize()

Returns:

A new geometry or None on failure.

Return type:

Geometry

RemoveGeometry(Geometry self, int iSubGeom) OGRErr
RemoveLowerDimensionSubGeoms(Geometry self) Geometry
Segmentize(Geometry self, double dfMaxLength)

Modify the geometry such it has no segment longer then the given distance.

For more details: OGR_G_Segmentize()

Parameters:

dfMaxLength (float) -- the maximum distance between 2 points after segmentization

Set3D(Geometry self, int b3D)

Add or remove the Z coordinate dimension.

For more details: OGR_G_Set3D()

New in version 2.1.

Parameters:

bIs3D (bool) -- Should the geometry have a Z dimension, either True or False.

SetCoordinateDimension(Geometry self, int dimension)

Set the coordinate dimension.

For more details: OGR_G_SetCoordinateDimension()

Warning

Deprecated. Use Set3D() or SetMeasured().

Parameters:

dimension (int) -- New coordinate dimension value, either 2 or 3.

SetMeasured(Geometry self, int bMeasured)

Add or remove the M coordinate dimension.

For more details: OGR_G_SetMeasured()

New in version 2.1.

Parameters:

bIsMeasured (bool) -- Should the geometry have a M dimension, either True or False.

SetPoint(Geometry self, int point, double x, double y, double z=0)
SetPointM(Geometry self, int point, double x, double y, double m)
SetPointZM(Geometry self, int point, double x, double y, double z, double m)
SetPoint_2D(Geometry self, int point, double x, double y)
SetPrecision(Geometry self, double gridSize, int flags=0) Geometry
Simplify(Geometry self, double tolerance) Geometry

Compute a simplified geometry.

For more details: OGR_G_Simplify()

Parameters:

tolerance (float) -- The distance tolerance for the simplification.

Returns:

The simplified geometry or None if an error occurs.

Return type:

Geometry

SimplifyPreserveTopology(Geometry self, double tolerance) Geometry

Simplify the geometry while preserving topology.

For more details: OGR_G_SimplifyPreserveTopology()

Parameters:

tolerance (float) -- The distance tolerance for the simplification.

Returns:

The simplified geometry or None if an error occurs.

Return type:

Geometry

SwapXY(Geometry self)

Swap x and y coordinates.

For more details: OGR_G_SwapXY()

New in version 2.3.0.

SymDifference(Geometry self, Geometry other) Geometry

Compute symmetric difference.

For more details: OGR_G_SymDifference()

Parameters:

other -- the other geometry.

Returns:

A new geometry representing the symmetric difference or None if the difference is empty or an error occurs.

Return type:

Geometry

SymmetricDifference(Geometry self, Geometry other) Geometry

Compute symmetric difference (deprecated)

For more details: OGR_G_SymmetricDifference()

Warning

Deprecated

Touches(Geometry self, Geometry other) bool

Test for touching.

For more details: OGR_G_Touches()

Parameters:

other -- the other geometry to compare.

Returns:

True if they are touching, otherwise False.

Return type:

int

Transform(Geometry self, CoordinateTransformation trans) OGRErr
Transform(Geometry self, GeomTransformer transformer) Geometry

Apply arbitrary coordinate transformation to geometry.

For more details: OGR_G_Transform()

Parameters:

trans (CoordinateTransform) -- The transformation to apply.

Returns:

The transformed geometry.

Return type:

Geometry

TransformTo(Geometry self, SpatialReference reference) OGRErr

Transform geometry to new spatial reference system.

For more details: OGR_G_TransformTo()

Parameters:

reference (SpatialReference) -- The spatial reference system to apply.

Returns:

osgeo.ogr.OGRERR_NONE on success, or an error code.

Return type:

int

UnaryUnion(Geometry self) Geometry
Union(Geometry self, Geometry other) Geometry

Compute union.

For more details: OGR_G_Union()

Parameters:

other (Geometry) -- The other geometry.

Returns:

A new geometry representing the union or None if an error occurs.

Return type:

Geometry

UnionCascaded(Geometry self) Geometry

Compute union using cascading.

For more deails: OGR_G_UnionCascaded()

Returns:

A new geometry representing the union or None if an error occurs.

Return type:

Geometry

Value(Geometry self, double dfDistance) Geometry
Within(Geometry self, Geometry other) bool

Test for containment.

For more details: OGR_G_Within()

Parameters:

other (Geometry) -- the other geometry to compare.

Returns:

True if this is within other, otherwise False.

Return type:

int

WkbSize(Geometry self) size_t

Returns size of related binary representation.

For more details: OGR_G_WkbSize()

Return type:

int

osgeo.ogr.CreateGeometryFromEsriJson(char const * input_string) Geometry
osgeo.ogr.CreateGeometryFromGML(char const * input_string) Geometry
osgeo.ogr.CreateGeometryFromJson(char const * input_string) Geometry
osgeo.ogr.CreateGeometryFromWkb(size_t len, SpatialReference reference=None) Geometry
osgeo.ogr.CreateGeometryFromWkt(char ** val, SpatialReference reference=None) Geometry
osgeo.ogr.ForceTo(Geometry geom_in, OGRwkbGeometryType eTargetType, char ** options=None) Geometry
osgeo.ogr.ForceToLineString(Geometry geom_in) Geometry
osgeo.ogr.ForceToMultiLineString(Geometry geom_in) Geometry
osgeo.ogr.ForceToMultiPoint(Geometry geom_in) Geometry
osgeo.ogr.ForceToMultiPolygon(Geometry geom_in) Geometry
osgeo.ogr.ForceToPolygon(Geometry geom_in) Geometry
osgeo.ogr.GeometryTypeToName(OGRwkbGeometryType eType) char const *
osgeo.ogr.GT_Flatten(OGRwkbGeometryType eType) OGRwkbGeometryType
osgeo.ogr.GT_GetCollection(OGRwkbGeometryType eType) OGRwkbGeometryType
osgeo.ogr.GT_GetCurve(OGRwkbGeometryType eType) OGRwkbGeometryType
osgeo.ogr.GT_GetLinear(OGRwkbGeometryType eType) OGRwkbGeometryType
osgeo.ogr.GT_HasM(OGRwkbGeometryType eType) int
osgeo.ogr.GT_HasZ(OGRwkbGeometryType eType) int
osgeo.ogr.GT_IsCurve(OGRwkbGeometryType arg1) int
osgeo.ogr.GT_IsNonLinear(OGRwkbGeometryType arg1) int
osgeo.ogr.GT_IsSubClassOf(OGRwkbGeometryType eType, OGRwkbGeometryType eSuperType) int
osgeo.ogr.GT_IsSurface(OGRwkbGeometryType arg1) int
osgeo.ogr.GT_SetM(OGRwkbGeometryType eType) OGRwkbGeometryType
osgeo.ogr.GT_SetModifier(OGRwkbGeometryType eType, int bSetZ, int bSetM=FALSE) OGRwkbGeometryType
osgeo.ogr.GT_SetZ(OGRwkbGeometryType eType) OGRwkbGeometryType

FeatureDefn

class osgeo.ogr.FeatureDefn(*args, **kwargs)

Python proxy of an OGRFeatureDefn.

AddFieldDefn(FeatureDefn self, FieldDefn defn)

Add a new field definition.

To add a new field definition to a layer definition, do not use this function directly, but use Layer.CreateField() instead.

This function should only be called while there are no Feature objects in existence based on this FeatureDefn. The FieldDefn passed in is copied.

See OGRFeatureDefn::AddFieldDefn().

Parameters:

defn (FieldDefn) -- the new field definition.

AddGeomFieldDefn(FeatureDefn self, GeomFieldDefn defn)

Add a new geometry field definition.

To add a new field definition to a layer definition, do not use this function directly, but use Layer.CreateGeomField() instead.

This function should only be called while there are no Feature objects in existence based on this FeatureDefn. The GeomFieldDefn passed in is copied.

See OGRFeatureDefn::AddGeomFieldDefn().

Parameters:

defn (GeomFieldDefn) -- new geometry field definition.

DeleteGeomFieldDefn(FeatureDefn self, int idx) OGRErr

Delete an existing geometry field definition.

To delete an existing geometry field definition from a layer definition, do not use this function directly, but use Layer.DeleteGeomField() instead ( not implemented yet).

This function should only be called while there are no Feature objects in existence based on this FeatureDefn.

See OGRFeatureDefn::DeleteGeomFieldDefn().

Parameters:

idx (int) -- the index of the geometry field definition.

Returns:

OGRERR_NONE in case of success.

Return type:

int

Destroy()

Once called, self has effectively been destroyed. Do not access. For backwards compatibility only

GetFieldCount(FeatureDefn self) int

Fetch number of fields on the passed feature definition.

See OGRFeatureDefn::GetFieldCount().

Returns:

count of fields.

Return type:

int

GetFieldDefn(FeatureDefn self, int i) FieldDefn

Fetch field definition of the passed feature definition.

See OGRFeatureDefn::GetFieldDefn().

Parameters:

i (int / str) -- Field name or 0-based numeric index. For repeated access, use of the numeric index avoids a lookup step.

Returns:

internal field definition object or None if the field does not exist. This object should not be modified by the application.

Return type:

FieldDefn

GetFieldIndex(FeatureDefn self, char const * field_name) int

Find field by name.

The field index of the first field matching the passed field name (case insensitively) is returned.

See OGRFeatureDefn::GetFieldIndex().

Parameters:

field_name (str) -- the field name to search for.

Returns:

the field index, or -1 if no match found.

Return type:

int

GetGeomFieldCount(FeatureDefn self) int

Fetch number of geometry fields on the passed feature definition.

See OGRFeatureDefn::GetGeomFieldCount().

Returns:

count of geometry fields.

Return type:

int

GetGeomFieldDefn(FeatureDefn self, int i) GeomFieldDefn

Fetch geometry field definition of the passed feature definition.

See OGRFeatureDefn::GetGeomFieldDefn().

Parameters:

i (int) -- the geometry field to fetch, between 0 and GetGeomFieldCount() - 1.

Returns:

an internal field definition object or None if invalid index. This object should not be modified by the application.

Return type:

GeomFieldDefn

GetGeomFieldIndex(FeatureDefn self, char const * field_name) int

Find geometry field by name.

The geometry field index of the first geometry field matching the passed field name (case insensitively) is returned.

See OGRFeatureDefn::GetGeomFieldIndex().

Parameters:

field_name (str) -- the geometry field name to search for.

Returns:

the geometry field index, or -1 if no match found.

Return type:

int

GetGeomType(FeatureDefn self) OGRwkbGeometryType

Fetch the geometry base type of the passed feature definition.

This is equivalent to GetGeomFieldDefn(0).GetType().

See OGRFeatureDefn::GetGeomType().

Returns:

the base type for all geometry related to this definition.

Return type:

int

GetName(FeatureDefn self) char const *

Get name of the FeatureDefn.

See OGRFeatureDefn::GetName().

Returns:

the name

Return type:

str

GetReferenceCount(FeatureDefn self) int

Fetch current reference count.

See OGRFeatureDefn::GetReferenceCount().

Returns:

the current reference count.

Return type:

int

IsGeometryIgnored(FeatureDefn self) int

Determine whether the geometry can be omitted when fetching features.

Equivalent to GetGeomFieldDefn(0).IsIgnored().

See OGRFeatureDefn::IsGeometryIgnored().

Returns:

ignore state

Return type:

int

IsSame(FeatureDefn self, FeatureDefn other_defn) int

Test if the feature definition is identical to the other one.

Parameters:

other_defn (FeatureDefn) -- other feature definition to compare to.

Returns:

1 if the feature definition is identical to the other one.

Return type:

int

IsStyleIgnored(FeatureDefn self) int

Determine whether the style can be omitted when fetching features.

See OGRFeatureDefn::IsStyleIgnored().

Returns:

ignore state

Return type:

int

SetGeomType(FeatureDefn self, OGRwkbGeometryType geom_type)

Assign the base geometry type for the passed layer (the same as the feature definition).

This is equivalent to GetGeomFieldDefn(0).SetType().

All geometry objects using this type must be of the defined type or a derived type. The default upon creation is wkbUnknown which allows for any geometry type. The geometry type should generally not be changed after any Feature objects have been created against this definition.

See OGRFeatureDefn::SetGeomType().

Parameters:

geom_type (int) -- the new type to assign.

SetGeometryIgnored(FeatureDefn self, int bIgnored)

Set whether the geometry can be omitted when fetching features.

This is equivalent to GetGeomFieldDefn(0).SetIgnored().

See OGRFeatureDefn::SetGeometryIgnored().

Parameters:

bignored (bool) -- ignore state

SetStyleIgnored(FeatureDefn self, int bIgnored)

Set whether the style can be omitted when fetching features.

See OGRFeatureDefn::SetStyleIgnored().

Parameters:

bignored (bool) -- ignore state

FieldDefn

class osgeo.ogr.FieldDefn(*args, **kwargs)

Python proxy of an OGRFieldDefn.

Destroy()

Once called, self has effectively been destroyed. Do not access. For backwards compatibility only

GetAlternativeName(FieldDefn self) char const *
GetAlternativeNameRef(FieldDefn self) char const *

Fetch the alternative name (or "alias") for this field.

The alternative name is an optional attribute for a field which can provide a more user-friendly, descriptive name of a field which is not subject to the usual naming constraints defined by the data provider.

This is a metadata style attribute only: the alternative name cannot be used in place of the actual field name during SQL queries or other field name dependent API calls.

See OGRFieldDefn::GetAlternativeNameRef().

New in version 3.2.

Returns:

the alternative name of the field definition.

Return type:

str

GetComment(FieldDefn self) char const *
GetDefault(FieldDefn self) char const *

Get default field value.

See OGRFieldDefn::GetDefault().

Returns:

default field value or None.

Return type:

str

GetDomainName(FieldDefn self) char const *

Return the name of the field domain for this field.

By default an empty string is returned.

Field domains ( FieldDomain class) are attached at the Dataset level and should be retrieved with Dataset.GetFieldDomain().

See OGRFieldDefn::GetDomainName().

New in version 3.3.

Returns:

the field domain name, or an empty string if there is none.

Return type:

str

GetFieldTypeName(FieldDefn self, OGRFieldType type) char const *
GetJustify(FieldDefn self) OGRJustification

Get the justification for this field.

See OGRFieldDefn::GetJustify().

Note: no driver is know to use the concept of field justification.

Returns:

the justification.

Return type:

OGRJustification

GetName(FieldDefn self) char const *
GetNameRef(FieldDefn self) char const *

Fetch name of this field.

See OGRFieldDefn::GetNameRef().

Returns:

the name of the field definition.

Return type:

str

GetPrecision(FieldDefn self) int

Get the formatting precision for this field.

This should normally be zero for fields of types other than OFTReal.

See OGRFieldDefn::GetPrecision().

Returns:

the precision.

Return type:

int

GetSubType(FieldDefn self) OGRFieldSubType

Fetch subtype of this field.

See OGRFieldDefn::GetSubType().

Returns:

field subtype code, default = OFSTNone

Return type:

int

GetTZFlag(FieldDefn self) int
GetType(FieldDefn self) OGRFieldType

Fetch type of this field.

See OGRFieldDefn::GetType().

Returns:

field type code, e.g. OFTInteger

Return type:

int

GetTypeName(FieldDefn self) char const *
GetWidth(FieldDefn self) int

Get the formatting width for this field.

See OGRFieldDefn::GetWidth().

Returns:

the width, zero means no specified width.

Return type:

int

IsDefaultDriverSpecific(FieldDefn self) int

Returns whether the default value is driver specific.

Driver specific default values are those that are not NULL, a numeric value, a literal value enclosed between single quote characters, CURRENT_TIMESTAMP, CURRENT_TIME, CURRENT_DATE or datetime literal value.

See OGRFieldDefn::IsDefaultDriverSpecific().

Returns:

TRUE if the default value is driver specific.

Return type:

int

IsIgnored(FieldDefn self) int

Return whether this field should be omitted when fetching features.

See OGRFieldDefn::IsIgnored().

Returns:

ignore state

Return type:

int

IsNullable(FieldDefn self) int

Return whether this field can receive null values.

By default, fields are nullable.

Even if this method returns FALSE (i.e not-nullable field), it doesn't mean that Feature.IsFieldSet() will necessary return TRUE, as fields can be temporary unset and null/not-null validation is usually done when Layer.CreateFeature()/Layer.SetFeature() is called.

See OGRFieldDefn::IsNullable().

Returns:

TRUE if the field is authorized to be null.

Return type:

int

IsUnique(FieldDefn self) int

Return whether this field has a unique constraint.

By default, fields have no unique constraint.

See OGRFieldDefn::IsUnique().

New in version 3.2.

Returns:

TRUE if the field has a unique constraint.

Return type:

int

SetAlternativeName(FieldDefn self, char const * alternativeName)

Reset the alternative name (or "alias") for this field.

The alternative name is an optional attribute for a field which can provide a more user-friendly, descriptive name of a field which is not subject to the usual naming constraints defined by the data provider.

This is a metadata style attribute only: the alternative name cannot be used in place of the actual field name during SQL queries or other field name dependent API calls.

See OGRFieldDefn::SetAlternativeName().

New in version 3.2.

Parameters:

alternativeName (str) -- the new alternative name to apply.

SetComment(FieldDefn self, char const * comment)
SetDefault(FieldDefn self, char const * pszValue)

Set default field value.

The default field value is taken into account by drivers (generally those with a SQL interface) that support it at field creation time. OGR will generally not automatically set the default field value to null fields by itself when calling OGRFeature::CreateFeature() / OGRFeature::SetFeature(), but will let the low-level layers to do the job. So retrieving the feature from the layer is recommended.

The accepted values are NULL, a numeric value, a literal value enclosed between single quote characters (and inner single quote characters escaped by repetition of the single quote character), CURRENT_TIMESTAMP, CURRENT_TIME, CURRENT_DATE or a driver specific expression (that might be ignored by other drivers). For a datetime literal value, format should be 'YYYY/MM/DD HH:MM:SS[.sss]' (considered as UTC time).

Drivers that support writing DEFAULT clauses will advertise the GDAL_DCAP_DEFAULT_FIELDS driver metadata item.

See OGRFieldDefn::SetDefault().

Parameters:

pszValue (str) -- new default field value or NULL pointer.

SetDomainName(FieldDefn self, char const * name)

Set the name of the field domain for this field.

Field domains ( FieldDomain) are attached at the Dataset level.

See OGRFieldDefn::SetDomainName().

New in version 3.3.

Parameters:

name (str) -- Field domain name.

SetIgnored(FieldDefn self, int bIgnored)

Set whether this field should be omitted when fetching features.

See OGRFieldDefn::SetIgnored().

Parameters:

bignored (bool) -- ignore state

SetJustify(FieldDefn self, OGRJustification justify)

Set the justification for this field.

Note: no driver is know to use the concept of field justification.

See OGRFieldDefn::SetJustify().

Parameters:

justify (int) -- the new justification

Examples

>>> f = ogr.FieldDefn('desc', ogr.OFTString)
>>> f.SetJustify(ogr.OJRight)
SetName(FieldDefn self, char const * name)

Reset the name of this field.

See OGRFieldDefn::SetName().

Parameters:

name (str) -- the new name to apply

SetNullable(FieldDefn self, int bNullable)

Set whether this field can receive null values.

By default, fields are nullable, so this method is generally called with False to set a not-null constraint.

Drivers that support writing not-null constraint will advertise the GDAL_DCAP_NOTNULL_FIELDS driver metadata item.

See OGRFieldDefn::SetNullable().

Parameters:

bNullable (bool) -- False if the field must have a not-null constraint.

SetPrecision(FieldDefn self, int precision)

Set the formatting precision for this field in characters.

This should normally be zero for fields of types other than OFTReal.

See OGRFieldDefn::SetPrecision().

Parameters:

precision (int) -- the new precision.

SetSubType(FieldDefn self, OGRFieldSubType type)

Set the subtype of this field.

This should never be done to a FieldDefn that is already part of an :py:class:FeatureDefn`.

See OGRFieldDefn::SetSubType().

Parameters:

type -- the new field subtype.

Examples

>>> f = ogr.FieldDefn()
>>> f.SetType(ogr.OFTReal)
>>> f.SetSubType(ogr.OFSTJSON)
Warning 1: Type and subtype of field definition are not compatible. Resetting to OFSTNone
>>> f.SetSubType(ogr.OFSTFloat32)
SetTZFlag(FieldDefn self, int tzflag)
SetType(FieldDefn self, OGRFieldType type)

Set the type of this field.

This should never be done to a FieldDefn that is already part of an FeatureDefn.

See OGRFieldDefn::SetType().

Parameters:

type (int) -- the new field type.

Examples

>>> f = ogr.FieldDefn()
>>> f.SetType(ogr.OFTReal)
SetUnique(FieldDefn self, int bUnique)

Set whether this field has a unique constraint.

By default, fields have no unique constraint, so this method is generally called with TRUE to set a unique constraint.

Drivers that support writing unique constraint will advertise the GDAL_DCAP_UNIQUE_FIELDS driver metadata item.

Note that once a FieldDefn has been added to a layer definition with Layer.AddFieldDefn(), its setter methods should not be called on the object returned with GetLayerDefn().GetFieldDefn(). Instead, Layer::AlterFieldDefn() should be called on a new instance of FieldDefn, for drivers that support Layer.AlterFieldDefn().

See OGRFieldDefn::SetUnique().

New in version 3.2.

Parameters:

bUnique (bool) -- True if the field must have a unique constraint

SetWidth(FieldDefn self, int width)

Set the formatting width for this field in characters.

See OGRFieldDefn::SetWidth().

Parameters:

width (int) -- the new width

property justify: OGRJustification

GetJustify(FieldDefn self) -> OGRJustification

Get the justification for this field.

See OGRFieldDefn::GetJustify().

Note: no driver is know to use the concept of field justification.

Returns:

the justification.

Return type:

OGRJustification

property name: char const *

GetName(FieldDefn self) -> char const *

property precision: int

GetPrecision(FieldDefn self) -> int

Get the formatting precision for this field.

This should normally be zero for fields of types other than OFTReal.

See OGRFieldDefn::GetPrecision().

Returns:

the precision.

Return type:

int

property type: OGRFieldType

GetType(FieldDefn self) -> OGRFieldType

Fetch type of this field.

See OGRFieldDefn::GetType().

Returns:

field type code, e.g. OFTInteger

Return type:

int

property width: int

GetWidth(FieldDefn self) -> int

Get the formatting width for this field.

See OGRFieldDefn::GetWidth().

Returns:

the width, zero means no specified width.

Return type:

int

osgeo.ogr.GetFieldSubTypeName(OGRFieldSubType type) char const *

Fetch human readable name for a field subtype.

See OGRFieldDefn::GetFieldSubTypeName().

Parameters:

type (int) -- the field subtype to get name for.

Returns:

the name.

Return type:

str

Examples

>>> ogr.GetFieldSubTypeName(1)
'Boolean'
>>> ogr.GetFieldSubTypeName(ogr.OFSTInt16)
'Int16'
osgeo.ogr.GetFieldTypeName(OGRFieldType type) char const *

Fetch human readable name for a field type.

See OGRFieldDefn::GetFieldTypeName().

Parameters:

type (int) -- the field type code to get name for

Returns:

the name

Return type:

str

Examples

>>> ogr.GetFieldTypeName(0)
'Integer'
>>> ogr.GetFieldTypeName(ogr.OFTReal)
'Real'

GeomFieldDefn

class osgeo.ogr.GeomFieldDefn(*args, **kwargs)

Proxy of C++ OGRGeomFieldDefnShadow class.

GetCoordinatePrecision(GeomFieldDefn self) GeomCoordinatePrecision
GetName(GeomFieldDefn self) char const *
GetNameRef(GeomFieldDefn self) char const *
GetSpatialRef(GeomFieldDefn self) SpatialReference
GetType(GeomFieldDefn self) OGRwkbGeometryType
IsIgnored(GeomFieldDefn self) int
IsNullable(GeomFieldDefn self) int
SetCoordinatePrecision(GeomFieldDefn self, GeomCoordinatePrecision coordPrec)
SetIgnored(GeomFieldDefn self, int bIgnored)
SetName(GeomFieldDefn self, char const * name)
SetNullable(GeomFieldDefn self, int bNullable)
SetSpatialRef(GeomFieldDefn self, SpatialReference srs)
SetType(GeomFieldDefn self, OGRwkbGeometryType type)
property name: char const *

GetName(GeomFieldDefn self) -> char const *

property srs: OSRSpatialReferenceShadow *

GetSpatialRef(GeomFieldDefn self) -> SpatialReference

property type: OGRwkbGeometryType

GetType(GeomFieldDefn self) -> OGRwkbGeometryType

FieldDomain

class osgeo.ogr.FieldDomain(*args, **kwargs)

Python proxy of an OGRFieldDomain.

Created using one of:

GetDescription(FieldDomain self) char const *

Get the description of the field domain.

See OGRFieldDomain::GetDescription().

New in version 3.3.

Returns:

the field domain description (might be empty string).

Return type:

str

GetDomainType(FieldDomain self) OGRFieldDomainType

Get the type of the field domain.

See OGRFieldDomain::GetDomainType().

New in version 3.3.

Returns:

the type of the field domain.

Return type:

int

Examples

>>> d = ogr.CreateCodedFieldDomain('my_code', None, ogr.OFTInteger, ogr.OFSTNone, { 1 : 'owned', 2 : 'leased' })
>>> d.GetDomainType() == ogr.OFDT_CODED
True
GetEnumeration(FieldDomain self) OGRCodedValue const *

Get the enumeration as a mapping of codes to values.

See OGRCodedFieldDomain::GetEnumeration().

New in version 3.3.

Return type:

dict

Examples

>>> d = ogr.CreateCodedFieldDomain('my_domain', None, ogr.OFTInteger, ogr.OFSTNone, { 1 : 'owned', 2 : 'leased' })
>>> d.GetEnumeration()
{'1': 'owned', '2': 'leased'}
GetFieldSubType(FieldDomain self) OGRFieldSubType

Get the field subtype of the field domain.

See OGRFieldDomain::GetFieldSubType().

New in version 3.3.

Returns:

the field subtype of the field domain.

Return type:

int

GetFieldType(FieldDomain self) OGRFieldType

Get the field type of the field domain.

See OGRFieldDomain::GetFieldType().

New in version 3.3.

Returns:

the field type of the field domain.

Return type:

int

GetGlob(FieldDomain self) char const *

Get the glob expression.

See OGRGlobFieldDomain::GetGlob().

New in version 3.3.

Returns:

the glob expression, or None in case of error

Return type:

str

GetMaxAsDouble(FieldDomain self) double

Get the maximum value of a range domain.

See OGRRangeFieldDomain::GetMax()

New in version 3.3.

Returns:

the maximum value of the range

Return type:

float

GetMaxAsString(FieldDomain self) char const *

Get the maximum value of a range domain.

See OGRRangeFieldDomain::GetMax()

New in version 3.3.

Returns:

the maximum value of the range

Return type:

str

GetMergePolicy(FieldDomain self) OGRFieldDomainMergePolicy

Get the merge policy of the field domain.

See OGRFieldDomain::GetMergePolicy().

New in version 3.3.

Returns:

the merge policy of the field domain (default = OFDMP_DEFAULT_VALUE)

Return type:

int

GetMinAsDouble(FieldDomain self) double

Get the minimum value of a range domain.

See OGRRangeFieldDomain::GetMin()

New in version 3.3.

Returns:

the minimum value of the range

Return type:

float

GetMinAsString(FieldDomain self) char const *

Get the minimum value of a range domain.

See OGRRangeFieldDomain::GetMin()

New in version 3.3.

Returns:

the minimum value of the range

Return type:

str

GetName(FieldDomain self) char const *

Get the name of the field domain.

See OGRFieldDomain::GetName().

New in version 3.3.

Returns:

the field domain name.

Return type:

str

GetSplitPolicy(FieldDomain self) OGRFieldDomainSplitPolicy

Get the split policy of the field domain.

See OGRFieldDomain::GetSplitPolicy().

New in version 3.3.

Returns:

the split policy of the field domain (default = OFDSP_DEFAULT_VALUE)

Return type:

int

IsMaxInclusive(FieldDomain self) bool
IsMinInclusive(FieldDomain self) bool
SetMergePolicy(FieldDomain self, OGRFieldDomainMergePolicy policy)

Set the merge policy of the field domain.

See OGRFieldDomain::SetMergePolicy().

New in version 3.3.

Parameters:

policy (int) -- the merge policy code of the field domain.

SetSplitPolicy(FieldDomain self, OGRFieldDomainSplitPolicy policy)

Set the split policy of the field domain.

See OGRFieldDomain::SetSplitPolicy().

New in version 3.3.

policyint

the split policy code of the field domain.

osgeo.ogr.CreateCodedFieldDomain(char const * name, char const * description, OGRFieldType type, OGRFieldSubType subtype, OGRCodedValue const * enumeration) FieldDomain

Creates a new coded field domain.

See OGRCodedFieldDomain::OGRCodedFieldDomain().

New in version 3.3.

Parameters:
  • name (str) -- Domain name. Should not be None.

  • description (str, optional) -- Domain description (can be None)

  • type (int) -- Field type.

  • subtype (int) -- Field subtype.

  • enumeration (dict) -- Enumeration as a dictionary of (code : value) pairs. Should not be None.

Return type:

FieldDomain

osgeo.ogr.CreateGlobFieldDomain(char const * name, char const * description, OGRFieldType type, OGRFieldSubType subtype, char const * glob) FieldDomain

Creates a new glob field domain.

See OGRGlobFieldDomain::OGRGlobFieldDomain()

New in version 3.3.

Parameters:
  • name (str) -- Domain name. Should not be None.

  • description (str, optional) -- Domain description (can be None)

  • type (int) -- Field type.

  • subtype (int) -- Field subtype.

  • glob (str) -- Glob expression. Should not be None.

Return type:

FieldDomain

osgeo.ogr.CreateRangeFieldDomain(char const * name, char const * description, OGRFieldType type, OGRFieldSubType subtype, double min, bool minIsInclusive, double max, double maxIsInclusive) FieldDomain

Creates a new range field domain.

See OGRRangeFieldDomain::OGRRangeFieldDomain().

New in version 3.3.

Parameters:
  • name (str) -- Domain name. Should not be None.

  • description (str, optional) -- Domain description (can be None)

  • type (int) -- Field type. Generally numeric. Potentially OFTDateTime.

  • subtype (int) -- Field subtype.

  • min (float, optional) -- Minimum value (can be None).

  • minIsInclusive (bool) -- Whether the minimum value is included in the range.

  • max (float, optional) -- Maximum value (can be None).

  • maxIsInclusive (bool) -- Whether the maximum value is included in the range.

Return type:

FieldDomain

Relationship

class osgeo.gdal.Relationship(*args)

Proxy of C++ GDALRelationshipShadow class.

GetBackwardPathLabel(Relationship self) char const *
GetCardinality(Relationship self) GDALRelationshipCardinality
GetForwardPathLabel(Relationship self) char const *
GetLeftMappingTableFields(Relationship self) char **
GetLeftTableFields(Relationship self) char **
GetLeftTableName(Relationship self) char const *
GetMappingTableName(Relationship self) char const *
GetName(Relationship self) char const *
GetRelatedTableType(Relationship self) char const *
GetRightMappingTableFields(Relationship self) char **
GetRightTableFields(Relationship self) char **
GetRightTableName(Relationship self) char const *
GetType(Relationship self) GDALRelationshipType
SetBackwardPathLabel(Relationship self, char const * pszLabel)
SetForwardPathLabel(Relationship self, char const * pszLabel)
SetLeftMappingTableFields(Relationship self, char ** pFields)
SetLeftTableFields(Relationship self, char ** pFields)
SetMappingTableName(Relationship self, char const * pszName)
SetRelatedTableType(Relationship self, char const * pszType)
SetRightMappingTableFields(Relationship self, char ** pFields)
SetRightTableFields(Relationship self, char ** pFields)
SetType(Relationship self, GDALRelationshipType type)

StyleTable

class osgeo.ogr.StyleTable(*args)

Proxy of C++ OGRStyleTableShadow class.

AddStyle(StyleTable self, char const * pszName, char const * pszStyleString) int
Find(StyleTable self, char const * pszName) char const *
GetLastStyleName(StyleTable self) char const *
GetNextStyle(StyleTable self) char const *
LoadStyleTable(StyleTable self, char const * utf8_path) int
ResetStyleStringReading(StyleTable self)
SaveStyleTable(StyleTable self, char const * utf8_path) int