GDALDataset C++ API

class GDALDataset : public GDALMajorObject

A set of associated raster bands, usually from one file.

A dataset encapsulating one or more raster bands.

Details are further discussed in the GDAL Raster Data Model.

Use GDALOpen() or GDALOpenShared() to create a GDALDataset for a named file, or GDALDriver::Create() or GDALDriver::CreateCopy() to create a new dataset.

Subclassed by GDALApplyVSGDataset, GDALColorReliefDataset, GDALGeneric3x3Dataset< T >, GDALOverviewDataset, GDALPamDataset, GDALVectorTranslateWrappedDataset, GNMNetwork, OGRDataSource, PythonPluginDataset

Public Functions

~GDALDataset() override

Destroy an open GDALDataset.

This is the accepted method of closing a GDAL dataset and deallocating all resources associated with it.

Equivalent of the C callable GDALClose(). Except that GDALClose() first decrements the reference count, and then closes only if it has dropped to zero.

For Windows users, it is not recommended to use the delete operator on the dataset object because of known issues when allocating and freeing memory across module boundaries. Calling GDALClose() is then a better option.

virtual CPLErr Close()

Do final cleanup before a dataset is destroyed.

This method is typically called by GDALClose() or the destructor of a GDALDataset subclass. It might also be called by C++ users before destroying a dataset. It should not be called on a shared dataset whose reference count is greater than one.

It gives a last chance to the closing process to return an error code if something goes wrong, in particular in creation / update scenarios where file write or network communication might occur when finalizing the dataset.

Implementations should be robust to this method to be called several times (on subsequent calls, it should do nothing and return CE_None). Once it has been called, no other method than Close() or the dataset destructor should be called. RasterBand or OGRLayer owned by the dataset should be assumed as no longer being valid.

If a driver implements this method, it must also call it from its dataset destructor.

A typical implementation might look as the following

MyDataset::~MyDataset()
{
   try
   {
       MyDataset::Close();
   }
   catch (const std::exception &exc)
   {
       // If Close() can throw exception
       CPLError(CE_Failure, CPLE_AppDefined,
                "Exception thrown in MyDataset::Close(): %s",
                exc.what());
   }
   catch (...)
   {
       // If Close() can throw exception
       CPLError(CE_Failure, CPLE_AppDefined,
                "Exception thrown in MyDataset::Close()");
   }
}

CPLErr MyDataset::Close()
{
    CPLErr eErr = CE_None;
    if( nOpenFlags != OPEN_FLAGS_CLOSED )
    {
        if( MyDataset::FlushCache(true) != CE_None )
            eErr = CE_Failure;

        // Do something driver specific
        if (m_fpImage)
        {
            if( VSIFCloseL(m_fpImage) != 0 )
            {
                CPLError(CE_Failure, CPLE_FileIO, "VSIFCloseL() failed");
                eErr = CE_Failure;
            }
        }

        // Call parent Close() implementation.
        if( MyParentDatasetClass::Close() != CE_None )
            eErr = CE_Failure;
    }
    return eErr;
}

Since

GDAL 3.7

int GetRasterXSize()

Fetch raster width in pixels.

Equivalent of the C function GDALGetRasterXSize().

Returns:

the width in pixels of raster bands in this GDALDataset.

int GetRasterYSize()

Fetch raster height in pixels.

Equivalent of the C function GDALGetRasterYSize().

Returns:

the height in pixels of raster bands in this GDALDataset.

int GetRasterCount()

Fetch the number of raster bands on this dataset.

Same as the C function GDALGetRasterCount().

Returns:

the number of raster bands.

GDALRasterBand *GetRasterBand(int)

Fetch a band object for a dataset.

See GetBands() for a C++ iterator version of this method.

Equivalent of the C function GDALGetRasterBand().

Parameters:

nBandId -- the index number of the band to fetch, from 1 to GetRasterCount().

Returns:

the nBandId th band object

virtual bool SetQueryLoggerFunc(GDALQueryLoggerFunc pfnQueryLoggerFuncIn, void *poQueryLoggerArgIn)

SetQueryLoggerFunc.

Parameters:
  • pfnQueryLoggerFuncIn -- query logger function callback

  • poQueryLoggerArgIn -- arguments passed to the query logger function

Returns:

true on success

Bands GetBands()

Function that returns an iterable object over GDALRasterBand in the dataset.

This is a C++ iterator friendly version of GetRasterBand().

Typical use is:

for( auto&& poBand: poDS->GetBands() )
{
      std::cout << "Band  << poBand->GetDescription() << std::endl;
}

See also

GetRasterBand()

Since

GDAL 2.3

virtual CPLErr FlushCache(bool bAtClosing = false)

Flush all write cached data to disk.

Any raster (or other GDAL) data written via GDAL calls, but buffered internally will be written to disk.

The default implementation of this method just calls the FlushCache() method on each of the raster bands and the SyncToDisk() method on each of the layers. Conceptionally, calling FlushCache() on a dataset should include any work that might be accomplished by calling SyncToDisk() on layers in that dataset.

Using this method does not prevent use from calling GDALClose() to properly close a dataset and ensure that important data not addressed by FlushCache() is written in the file.

This method is the same as the C function GDALFlushCache().

Parameters:

bAtClosing -- Whether this is called from a GDALDataset destructor

Returns:

CE_None in case of success (note: return value added in GDAL 3.7)

virtual CPLErr DropCache()

Drop all write cached data.

This method is the same as the C function GDALDropCache().

Since

3.9

Returns:

CE_None in case of success

virtual GIntBig GetEstimatedRAMUsage()

Return the intrinsic RAM usage of this dataset.

The returned value should take into account caches in the underlying driver and decoding library, but not the usage related to the GDAL block cache.

At time of writing, this method is only implemented in the JP2OpenJPEG driver. For single-tiled JPEG2000 images, the decoding of the image, even partially, involves allocating at least width * height * number_of_bands * sizeof(uint32_t) bytes inside the libopenjp2 library.

This method is used by the GDALDatasetPool class, itself used by the GDAL VRT driver, to determine how long a dataset in the pool must be kept open, given the RAM usage of the dataset with respect to the usable total RAM.

Since

GDAL 3.7

Returns:

RAM usage in bytes, or -1 if unknown (the default implementation returns -1)

virtual const OGRSpatialReference *GetSpatialRef() const

Fetch the spatial reference for this dataset.

Same as the C function GDALGetSpatialRef().

When a projection definition is not available, null is returned. If used on a dataset where there are GCPs and not a geotransform, this method returns null. Use GetGCPSpatialRef() instead.

Since

GDAL 3.0

Returns:

a pointer to an internal object. It should not be altered or freed. Its lifetime will be the one of the dataset object, or until the next call to this method.

virtual CPLErr SetSpatialRef(const OGRSpatialReference *poSRS)

Set the spatial reference system for this dataset.

An error may occur because the dataset is not writable, or because the dataset does not support the indicated projection. Many formats do not support writing projections.

This method is the same as the C GDALSetSpatialRef() function.

Since

GDAL 3.0

Parameters:

poSRS -- spatial reference system object. nullptr can potentially be passed for drivers that support unsetting the SRS.

Returns:

CE_Failure if an error occurs, otherwise CE_None.

const char *GetProjectionRef(void) const

Fetch the projection definition string for this dataset.

Same as the C function GDALGetProjectionRef().

The returned string defines the projection coordinate system of the image in OpenGIS WKT format. It should be suitable for use with the OGRSpatialReference class.

When a projection definition is not available an empty (but not NULL) string is returned.

Note

Starting with GDAL 3.0, this is a compatibility layer around GetSpatialRef()

Returns:

a pointer to an internal projection reference string. It should not be altered, freed or expected to last for long.

CPLErr SetProjection(const char *pszProjection)

Set the projection reference string for this dataset.

The string should be in OGC WKT or PROJ.4 format. An error may occur because of incorrectly specified projection strings, because the dataset is not writable, or because the dataset does not support the indicated projection. Many formats do not support writing projections.

This method is the same as the C GDALSetProjection() function.

Note

Startig with GDAL 3.0, this is a compatibility layer around SetSpatialRef()

Parameters:

pszProjection -- projection reference string.

Returns:

CE_Failure if an error occurs, otherwise CE_None.

virtual CPLErr GetGeoTransform(double *padfTransform)

Fetch the affine transformation coefficients.

Fetches the coefficients for transforming between pixel/line (P,L) raster space, and projection coordinates (Xp,Yp) space.

Xp = padfTransform[0] + P*padfTransform[1] + L*padfTransform[2];
Yp = padfTransform[3] + P*padfTransform[4] + L*padfTransform[5];

In a north up image, padfTransform[1] is the pixel width, and padfTransform[5] is the pixel height. The upper left corner of the upper left pixel is at position (padfTransform[0],padfTransform[3]).

The default transform is (0,1,0,0,0,1) and should be returned even when a CE_Failure error is returned, such as for formats that don't support transformation to projection coordinates.

This method does the same thing as the C GDALGetGeoTransform() function.

Parameters:

padfTransform -- an existing six double buffer into which the transformation will be placed.

Returns:

CE_None on success, or CE_Failure if no transform can be fetched.

virtual CPLErr SetGeoTransform(double *padfTransform)

Set the affine transformation coefficients.

See GetGeoTransform() for details on the meaning of the padfTransform coefficients.

This method does the same thing as the C GDALSetGeoTransform() function.

Parameters:

padfTransform -- a six double buffer containing the transformation coefficients to be written with the dataset.

Returns:

CE_None on success, or CE_Failure if this transform cannot be written.

virtual CPLErr AddBand(GDALDataType eType, char **papszOptions = nullptr)

Add a band to a dataset.

This method will add a new band to the dataset if the underlying format supports this action. Most formats do not.

Note that the new GDALRasterBand is not returned. It may be fetched after successful completion of the method by calling GDALDataset::GetRasterBand(GDALDataset::GetRasterCount()) as the newest band will always be the last band.

Parameters:
  • eType -- the data type of the pixels in the new band.

  • papszOptions -- a list of NAME=VALUE option strings. The supported options are format specific. NULL may be passed by default.

Returns:

CE_None on success or CE_Failure on failure.

virtual void *GetInternalHandle(const char *pszHandleName)

Fetch a format specific internally meaningful handle.

This method is the same as the C GDALGetInternalHandle() method.

Parameters:

pszHandleName -- the handle name desired. The meaningful names will be specific to the file format.

Returns:

the desired handle value, or NULL if not recognized/supported.

virtual GDALDriver *GetDriver(void)

Fetch the driver to which this dataset relates.

This method is the same as the C GDALGetDatasetDriver() function.

Returns:

the driver on which the dataset was created with GDALOpen() or GDALCreate().

virtual char **GetFileList(void)

Fetch files forming dataset.

Returns a list of files believed to be part of this dataset. If it returns an empty list of files it means there is believed to be no local file system files associated with the dataset (for instance a virtual dataset). The returned file list is owned by the caller and should be deallocated with CSLDestroy().

The returned filenames will normally be relative or absolute paths depending on the path used to originally open the dataset. The strings will be UTF-8 encoded.

This method is the same as the C GDALGetFileList() function.

Returns:

NULL or a NULL terminated array of file names.

virtual const char *GetDriverName()

Return driver name.

Returns:

driver name.

virtual const OGRSpatialReference *GetGCPSpatialRef() const

Get output spatial reference system for GCPs.

Same as the C function GDALGetGCPSpatialRef().

When a SRS is not available, null is returned. If used on a dataset where there is a geotransform, and not GCPs, this method returns null. Use GetSpatialRef() instead.

Since

GDAL 3.0

Returns:

a pointer to an internal object. It should not be altered or freed. Its lifetime will be the one of the dataset object, or until the next call to this method.

virtual int GetGCPCount()

Get number of GCPs.

This method is the same as the C function GDALGetGCPCount().

Returns:

number of GCPs for this dataset. Zero if there are none.

virtual const GDAL_GCP *GetGCPs()

Fetch GCPs.

This method is the same as the C function GDALGetGCPs().

Returns:

pointer to internal GCP structure list. It should not be modified, and may change on the next GDAL call.

virtual CPLErr SetGCPs(int nGCPCount, const GDAL_GCP *pasGCPList, const OGRSpatialReference *poGCP_SRS)

Assign GCPs.

This method is the same as the C function GDALSetGCPs().

This method assigns the passed set of GCPs to this dataset, as well as setting their coordinate system. Internally copies are made of the coordinate system and list of points, so the caller remains responsible for deallocating these arguments if appropriate.

Most formats do not support setting of GCPs, even formats that can handle GCPs. These formats will return CE_Failure.

Since

GDAL 3.0

Parameters:
  • nGCPCount -- number of GCPs being assigned.

  • pasGCPList -- array of GCP structures being assign (nGCPCount in array).

  • poGCP_SRS -- the new coordinate reference system to assign for the GCP output coordinates. This parameter should be null if no output coordinate system is known.

Returns:

CE_None on success, CE_Failure on failure (including if action is not supported for this format).

const char *GetGCPProjection()

Get output projection for GCPs.

This method is the same as the C function GDALGetGCPProjection().

The projection string follows the normal rules from GetProjectionRef().

Note

Starting with GDAL 3.0, this is a compatibility layer around GetGCPSpatialRef()

Returns:

internal projection string or "" if there are no GCPs. It should not be altered, freed or expected to last for long.

CPLErr SetGCPs(int nGCPCount, const GDAL_GCP *pasGCPList, const char *pszGCPProjection)

Assign GCPs.

This method is the same as the C function GDALSetGCPs().

This method assigns the passed set of GCPs to this dataset, as well as setting their coordinate system. Internally copies are made of the coordinate system and list of points, so the caller remains responsible for deallocating these arguments if appropriate.

Most formats do not support setting of GCPs, even formats that can handle GCPs. These formats will return CE_Failure.

Note

Startig with GDAL 3.0, this is a compatibility layer around SetGCPs(int, const GDAL_GCP*, const char*)

Parameters:
  • nGCPCount -- number of GCPs being assigned.

  • pasGCPList -- array of GCP structures being assign (nGCPCount in array).

  • pszGCPProjection -- the new OGC WKT coordinate system to assign for the GCP output coordinates. This parameter should be "" if no output coordinate system is known.

Returns:

CE_None on success, CE_Failure on failure (including if action is not supported for this format).

virtual CPLErr AdviseRead(int nXOff, int nYOff, int nXSize, int nYSize, int nBufXSize, int nBufYSize, GDALDataType eDT, int nBandCount, int *panBandList, char **papszOptions)

Advise driver of upcoming read requests.

Some GDAL drivers operate more efficiently if they know in advance what set of upcoming read requests will be made. The AdviseRead() method allows an application to notify the driver of the region and bands of interest, and at what resolution the region will be read.

Many drivers just ignore the AdviseRead() call, but it can dramatically accelerate access via some drivers.

Depending on call paths, drivers might receive several calls to AdviseRead() with the same parameters.

Parameters:
  • nXOff -- The pixel offset to the top left corner of the region of the band to be accessed. This would be zero to start from the left side.

  • nYOff -- The line offset to the top left corner of the region of the band to be accessed. This would be zero to start from the top.

  • nXSize -- The width of the region of the band to be accessed in pixels.

  • nYSize -- The height of the region of the band to be accessed in lines.

  • nBufXSize -- the width of the buffer image into which the desired region is to be read, or from which it is to be written.

  • nBufYSize -- the height of the buffer image into which the desired region is to be read, or from which it is to be written.

  • eBufType -- the type of the pixel values in the pData data buffer. The pixel values will automatically be translated to/from the GDALRasterBand data type as needed.

  • nBandCount -- the number of bands being read or written.

  • panBandMap -- the list of nBandCount band numbers being read/written. Note band numbers are 1 based. This may be NULL to select the first nBandCount bands.

  • papszOptions -- a list of name=value strings with special control options. Normally this is NULL.

Returns:

CE_Failure if the request is invalid and CE_None if it works or is ignored.

virtual CPLErr CreateMaskBand(int nFlagsIn)

Adds a mask band to the dataset.

The default implementation of the CreateMaskBand() method is implemented based on similar rules to the .ovr handling implemented using the GDALDefaultOverviews object. A TIFF file with the extension .msk will be created with the same basename as the original file, and it will have one band. The mask images will be deflate compressed tiled images with the same block size as the original image if possible. It will have INTERNAL_MASK_FLAGS_xx metadata items set at the dataset level, where xx matches the band number of a band of the main dataset. The value of those items will be the one of the nFlagsIn parameter.

Note that if you got a mask band with a previous call to GetMaskBand(), it might be invalidated by CreateMaskBand(). So you have to call GetMaskBand() again.

Since

GDAL 1.5.0

Parameters:

nFlagsIn -- 0 or combination of GMF_PER_DATASET / GMF_ALPHA. GMF_PER_DATASET will be always set, even if not explicitly specified.

Returns:

CE_None on success or CE_Failure on an error.

virtual GDALAsyncReader *BeginAsyncReader(int nXOff, int nYOff, int nXSize, int nYSize, void *pBuf, int nBufXSize, int nBufYSize, GDALDataType eBufType, int nBandCount, int *panBandMap, int nPixelSpace, int nLineSpace, int nBandSpace, char **papszOptions)

Sets up an asynchronous data request.

This method establish an asynchronous raster read request for the indicated window on the dataset into the indicated buffer. The parameters for windowing, buffer size, buffer type and buffer organization are similar to those for GDALDataset::RasterIO(); however, this call only launches the request and filling the buffer is accomplished via calls to GetNextUpdatedRegion() on the return GDALAsyncReader session object.

Once all processing for the created session is complete, or if no further refinement of the request is required, the GDALAsyncReader object should be destroyed with the GDALDataset::EndAsyncReader() method.

Note that the data buffer (pData) will potentially continue to be updated as long as the session lives, but it is not deallocated when the session (GDALAsyncReader) is destroyed with EndAsyncReader(). It should be deallocated by the application at that point.

Additional information on asynchronous IO in GDAL may be found at: https://gdal.org/development/rfc/rfc24_progressive_data_support.html

This method is the same as the C GDALBeginAsyncReader() function.

Parameters:
  • nXOff -- The pixel offset to the top left corner of the region of the band to be accessed. This would be zero to start from the left side.

  • nYOff -- The line offset to the top left corner of the region of the band to be accessed. This would be zero to start from the top.

  • nXSize -- The width of the region of the band to be accessed in pixels.

  • nYSize -- The height of the region of the band to be accessed in lines.

  • pBuf -- The buffer into which the data should be read. This buffer must contain at least nBufXSize * nBufYSize * nBandCount words of type eBufType. It is organized in left to right,top to bottom pixel order. Spacing is controlled by the nPixelSpace, and nLineSpace parameters.

  • nBufXSize -- the width of the buffer image into which the desired region is to be read, or from which it is to be written.

  • nBufYSize -- the height of the buffer image into which the desired region is to be read, or from which it is to be written.

  • eBufType -- the type of the pixel values in the pData data buffer. The pixel values will automatically be translated to/from the GDALRasterBand data type as needed.

  • nBandCount -- the number of bands being read or written.

  • panBandMap -- the list of nBandCount band numbers being read/written. Note band numbers are 1 based. This may be NULL to select the first nBandCount bands.

  • nPixelSpace -- The byte offset from the start of one pixel value in pData to the start of the next pixel value within a scanline. If defaulted (0) the size of the datatype eBufType is used.

  • nLineSpace -- The byte offset from the start of one scanline in pData to the start of the next. If defaulted the size of the datatype eBufType * nBufXSize is used.

  • nBandSpace -- the byte offset from the start of one bands data to the start of the next. If defaulted (zero) the value will be nLineSpace * nBufYSize implying band sequential organization of the data buffer.

  • papszOptions -- Driver specific control options in a string list or NULL. Consult driver documentation for options supported.

Returns:

The GDALAsyncReader object representing the request.

virtual void EndAsyncReader(GDALAsyncReader*)

End asynchronous request.

This method destroys an asynchronous io request and recovers all resources associated with it.

This method is the same as the C function GDALEndAsyncReader().

Parameters:

poARIO -- pointer to a GDALAsyncReader

CPLErr RasterIO(GDALRWFlag, int, int, int, int, void*, int, int, GDALDataType, int, int*, GSpacing, GSpacing, GSpacing, GDALRasterIOExtraArg *psExtraArg)

Read/write a region of image data from multiple bands.

This method allows reading a region of one or more GDALRasterBands from this dataset into a buffer, or writing data from a buffer into a region of the GDALRasterBands. It automatically takes care of data type translation if the data type (eBufType) of the buffer is different than that of the GDALRasterBand. The method also takes care of image decimation / replication if the buffer size (nBufXSize x nBufYSize) is different than the size of the region being accessed (nXSize x nYSize).

The nPixelSpace, nLineSpace and nBandSpace parameters allow reading into or writing from various organization of buffers.

Some formats may efficiently implement decimation into a buffer by reading from lower resolution overview images. The logic of the default implementation in the base class GDALRasterBand is the following one. It computes a target_downscaling_factor from the window of interest and buffer size which is min(nXSize/nBufXSize, nYSize/nBufYSize). It then walks through overviews and will select the first one whose downscaling factor is greater than target_downscaling_factor / 1.2.

Let's assume we have overviews at downscaling factors 2, 4 and 8. The relationship between target_downscaling_factor and the select overview level is the following one:

target_downscaling_factor

selected_overview

]0, 2 / 1.2]

full resolution band

]2 / 1.2, 4 / 1.2]

2x downsampled band

]4 / 1.2, 8 / 1.2]

4x downsampled band

]8 / 1.2, infinity[

8x downsampled band

Note that starting with GDAL 3.9, this 1.2 oversampling factor can be modified by setting the GDAL_OVERVIEW_OVERSAMPLING_THRESHOLD configuration option. Also note that starting with GDAL 3.9, when the resampling algorithm specified in psExtraArg->eResampleAlg is different from GRIORA_NearestNeighbour, this oversampling threshold defaults to 1. Consequently if there are overviews of downscaling factor 2, 4 and 8, and the desired downscaling factor is 7.99, the overview of factor 4 will be selected for a non nearest resampling.

For highest performance full resolution data access, read and write on "block boundaries" as returned by GetBlockSize(), or use the ReadBlock() and WriteBlock() methods.

This method is the same as the C GDALDatasetRasterIO() or GDALDatasetRasterIOEx() functions.

Parameters:
  • eRWFlag -- Either GF_Read to read a region of data, or GF_Write to write a region of data.

  • nXOff -- The pixel offset to the top left corner of the region of the band to be accessed. This would be zero to start from the left side.

  • nYOff -- The line offset to the top left corner of the region of the band to be accessed. This would be zero to start from the top.

  • nXSize -- The width of the region of the band to be accessed in pixels.

  • nYSize -- The height of the region of the band to be accessed in lines.

  • pData -- The buffer into which the data should be read, or from which it should be written. This buffer must contain at least nBufXSize * nBufYSize * nBandCount words of type eBufType. It is organized in left to right,top to bottom pixel order. Spacing is controlled by the nPixelSpace, and nLineSpace parameters. Note that even with eRWFlag==GF_Write, the content of the buffer might be temporarily modified during the execution of this method (and eventually restored back to its original content), so it is not safe to use a buffer stored in a read-only section of the calling program.

  • nBufXSize -- the width of the buffer image into which the desired region is to be read, or from which it is to be written.

  • nBufYSize -- the height of the buffer image into which the desired region is to be read, or from which it is to be written.

  • eBufType -- the type of the pixel values in the pData data buffer. The pixel values will automatically be translated to/from the GDALRasterBand data type as needed.

  • nBandCount -- the number of bands being read or written.

  • panBandMap -- the list of nBandCount band numbers being read/written. Note band numbers are 1 based. This may be NULL to select the first nBandCount bands.

  • nPixelSpace -- The byte offset from the start of one pixel value in pData to the start of the next pixel value within a scanline. If defaulted (0) the size of the datatype eBufType is used.

  • nLineSpace -- The byte offset from the start of one scanline in pData to the start of the next. If defaulted (0) the size of the datatype eBufType * nBufXSize is used.

  • nBandSpace -- the byte offset from the start of one bands data to the start of the next. If defaulted (0) the value will be nLineSpace * nBufYSize implying band sequential organization of the data buffer.

  • psExtraArg -- (new in GDAL 2.0) pointer to a GDALRasterIOExtraArg structure with additional arguments to specify resampling and progress callback, or NULL for default behavior. The GDAL_RASTERIO_RESAMPLING configuration option can also be defined to override the default resampling to one of BILINEAR, CUBIC, CUBICSPLINE, LANCZOS, AVERAGE or MODE.

Returns:

CE_Failure if the access fails, otherwise CE_None.

virtual CPLStringList GetCompressionFormats(int nXOff, int nYOff, int nXSize, int nYSize, int nBandCount, const int *panBandList)

Return the compression formats that can be natively obtained for the window of interest and requested bands.

For example, a tiled dataset may be able to return data in a compressed format if the window of interest matches exactly a tile. For some formats, drivers may also be able to merge several tiles together (not currently implemented though).

Each format string is a pseudo MIME type, whose first part can be passed as the pszFormat argument of ReadCompressedData(), with additional parameters specified as key=value with a semi-colon separator.

The amount and types of optional parameters passed after the MIME type is format dependent, and driver dependent (some drivers might not be able to return those extra information without doing a rather costly processing).

For example, a driver might return "JPEG;frame_type=SOF0_baseline;" "bit_depth=8;num_components=3;subsampling=4:2:0;colorspace=YCbCr", and consequently "JPEG" can be passed as the pszFormat argument of ReadCompressedData(). For JPEG, implementations can use the GDALGetCompressionFormatForJPEG() helper method to generate a string like above from a JPEG codestream.

Several values might be returned. For example, the JPEGXL driver will return "JXL", but also potentially "JPEG" if the JPEGXL codestream includes a JPEG reconstruction box.

In the general case this method will return an empty list.

This is the same as C function GDALDatasetGetCompressionFormats().

For example, to check if native compression format(s) are available on the whole image:

const CPLStringList aosFormats =
   poDataset->GetCompressionFormats(0, 0,
                                    poDataset->GetRasterXSize(),
                                    poDataset->GetRasterYSize(),
                                    poDataset->GetRasterCount(),
                                    nullptr);
for( const char* pszFormat: aosFormats )
{
   // Remove optional parameters and just print out the MIME type.
   const CPLStringList aosTokens(CSLTokenizeString2(pszFormat, ";", 0));
   printf("Found format %s\n, aosTokens[0]);
}

Since

GDAL 3.7

Parameters:
  • nXOff -- The pixel offset to the top left corner of the region of the band to be accessed. This would be zero to start from the left side.

  • nYOff -- The line offset to the top left corner of the region of the band to be accessed. This would be zero to start from the top.

  • nXSize -- The width of the region of the band to be accessed in pixels.

  • nYSize -- The height of the region of the band to be accessed in lines.

  • nBandCount -- the number of bands being requested.

  • panBandList -- the list of nBandCount band numbers. Note band numbers are 1 based. This may be NULL to select the first nBandCount bands.

Returns:

a list of compatible formats (which may be empty)

virtual CPLErr ReadCompressedData(const char *pszFormat, int nXOff, int nYOff, int nXSize, int nYSize, int nBands, const int *panBandList, void **ppBuffer, size_t *pnBufferSize, char **ppszDetailedFormat)

Return the compressed content that can be natively obtained for the window of interest and requested bands.

For example, a tiled dataset may be able to return data in compressed format if the window of interest matches exactly a tile. For some formats, drivers may also be example to merge several tiles together (not currently implemented though).

The implementation should make sure that the content returned forms a valid standalone file. For example, for the GeoTIFF implementation of this method, when extracting a JPEG tile, the method will automatically add the content of the JPEG Huffman and/or quantization tables that might be stored in the TIFF JpegTables tag, and not in tile data itself.

In the general case this method will return CE_Failure.

This is the same as C function GDALDatasetReadCompressedData().

For example, to request JPEG content on the whole image and let GDAL deal with the buffer allocation.

void* pBuffer = nullptr;
size_t nBufferSize = 0;
CPLErr eErr =
   poDataset->ReadCompressedData("JPEG",
                                 0, 0,
                                 poDataset->GetRasterXSize(),
                                 poDataset->GetRasterYSize(),
                                 poDataset->GetRasterCount(),
                                 nullptr, // panBandList
                                 &pBuffer,
                                 &nBufferSize,
                                 nullptr // ppszDetailedFormat
                                );
if (eErr == CE_None)
{
    CPLAssert(pBuffer != nullptr);
    CPLAssert(nBufferSize > 0);
    VSILFILE* fp = VSIFOpenL("my.jpeg", "wb");
    if (fp)
    {
        VSIFWriteL(pBuffer, nBufferSize, 1, fp);
        VSIFCloseL(fp);
    }
    VSIFree(pBuffer);
}

Or to manage the buffer allocation on your side:

size_t nUpperBoundBufferSize = 0;
CPLErr eErr =
   poDataset->ReadCompressedData("JPEG",
                                 0, 0,
                                 poDataset->GetRasterXSize(),
                                 poDataset->GetRasterYSize(),
                                 poDataset->GetRasterCount(),
                                 nullptr, // panBandList
                                 nullptr, // ppBuffer,
                                 &nUpperBoundBufferSize,
                                 nullptr // ppszDetailedFormat
                                );
if (eErr == CE_None)
{
    std::vector<uint8_t> myBuffer;
    myBuffer.resize(nUpperBoundBufferSize);
    void* pBuffer = myBuffer.data();
    size_t nActualSize = nUpperBoundBufferSize;
    char* pszDetailedFormat = nullptr;
    // We also request detailed format, but we could have passed it to
    // nullptr as well.
    eErr =
      poDataset->ReadCompressedData("JPEG",
                                    0, 0,
                                    poDataset->GetRasterXSize(),
                                    poDataset->GetRasterYSize(),
                                    poDataset->GetRasterCount(),
                                    nullptr, // panBandList
                                    &pBuffer,
                                    &nActualSize,
                                    &pszDetailedFormat);
    if (eErr == CE_None)
    {
       CPLAssert(pBuffer == myBuffer.data()); // pointed value not modified
       CPLAssert(nActualSize <= nUpperBoundBufferSize);
       myBuffer.resize(nActualSize);
       // do something useful
       VSIFree(pszDetailedFormat);
    }
}

Since

GDAL 3.7

Parameters:
  • pszFormat -- Requested compression format (e.g. "JPEG", "WEBP", "JXL"). This is the MIME type of one of the values returned by GetCompressionFormats(). The format string is designed to potentially include at a later point key=value optional parameters separated by a semi-colon character. At time of writing, none are implemented. ReadCompressedData() implementations should verify optional parameters and return CE_Failure if they cannot support one of them.

  • nXOff -- The pixel offset to the top left corner of the region of the band to be accessed. This would be zero to start from the left side.

  • nYOff -- The line offset to the top left corner of the region of the band to be accessed. This would be zero to start from the top.

  • nXSize -- The width of the region of the band to be accessed in pixels.

  • nYSize -- The height of the region of the band to be accessed in lines.

  • nBandCount -- the number of bands being requested.

  • panBandList -- the list of nBandCount band numbers. Note band numbers are 1 based. This may be NULL to select the first nBandCount bands.

  • ppBuffer -- Pointer to a buffer to store the compressed data or nullptr. If ppBuffer is not nullptr, then pnBufferSize should also not be nullptr. If ppBuffer is not nullptr, and *ppBuffer is not nullptr, then the provided buffer will be filled with the compressed data, provided that pnBufferSize and *pnBufferSize are not nullptr, and *pnBufferSize, indicating the size of *ppBuffer, is sufficiently large to hold the data. If ppBuffer is not nullptr, but *ppBuffer is nullptr, then the method will allocate *ppBuffer using VSIMalloc(), and thus the caller is responsible to free it with VSIFree(). If ppBuffer is nullptr, then the compressed data itself will not be returned, but *pnBufferSize will be updated with an upper bound of the size that would be necessary to hold it (if pnBufferSize != nullptr).

  • pnBufferSize -- Output buffer size, or nullptr. If ppBuffer != nullptr && *ppBuffer != nullptr, then pnBufferSize should be != nullptr and *pnBufferSize contain the size of *ppBuffer. If the method is successful, *pnBufferSize will be updated with the actual size used.

  • ppszDetailedFormat -- Pointer to an output string, or nullptr. If ppszDetailedFormat is not nullptr, then, on success, the method will allocate a new string in *ppszDetailedFormat (to be freed with VSIFree()) *ppszDetailedFormat might contain strings like "JPEG;frame_type=SOF0_baseline;bit_depth=8;num_components=3;" "subsampling=4:2:0;colorspace=YCbCr" or simply the MIME type. The string will contain at least as much information as what GetCompressionFormats() returns, and potentially more when ppBuffer != nullptr.

Returns:

CE_None in case of success, CE_Failure otherwise.

int Reference()

Add one to dataset reference count.

The reference is one after instantiation.

This method is the same as the C GDALReferenceDataset() function.

Returns:

the post-increment reference count.

int Dereference()

Subtract one from dataset reference count.

The reference is one after instantiation. Generally when the reference count has dropped to zero the dataset may be safely deleted (closed).

This method is the same as the C GDALDereferenceDataset() function.

Returns:

the post-decrement reference count.

int ReleaseRef()

Drop a reference to this object, and destroy if no longer referenced.

Since

GDAL 2.2

Returns:

TRUE if the object has been destroyed.

inline GDALAccess GetAccess() const

Return access mode.

Returns:

access mode.

int GetShared() const

Returns shared flag.

Returns:

TRUE if the GDALDataset is available for sharing, or FALSE if not.

void MarkAsShared()

Mark this dataset as available for sharing.

void MarkSuppressOnClose()

Set that the dataset must be deleted on close.

void UnMarkSuppressOnClose()

Remove the flag requesting the dataset to be deleted on close.

inline bool IsMarkedSuppressOnClose()

Return MarkSuppressOnClose flag.

Returns:

MarkSuppressOnClose flag.

inline char **GetOpenOptions()

Return open options.

Returns:

open options.

CPLErr BuildOverviews(const char*, int, const int*, int, const int*, GDALProgressFunc, void*, CSLConstList papszOptions)

Build raster overview(s)

If the operation is unsupported for the indicated dataset, then CE_Failure is returned, and CPLGetLastErrorNo() will return CPLE_NotSupported.

Depending on the actual file format, all overviews level can be also deleted by specifying nOverviews == 0. This works at least for external overviews (.ovr), TIFF internal overviews, etc.

Starting with GDAL 3.2, the GDAL_NUM_THREADS configuration option can be set to "ALL_CPUS" or a integer value to specify the number of threads to use for overview computation.

This method is the same as the C function GDALBuildOverviewsEx().

For example, to build overview level 2, 4 and 8 on all bands the following call could be made:

int       anOverviewList[3] = { 2, 4, 8 };

poDataset->BuildOverviews( "NEAREST", 3, anOverviewList, 0, nullptr,
                           GDALDummyProgress, nullptr );

Parameters:
  • pszResampling -- one of "AVERAGE", "AVERAGE_MAGPHASE", "RMS", "BILINEAR", "CUBIC", "CUBICSPLINE", "GAUSS", "LANCZOS", "MODE", "NEAREST", or "NONE" controlling the downsampling method applied.

  • nOverviews -- number of overviews to build, or 0 to clean overviews.

  • panOverviewList -- the list of overview decimation factors to build, or NULL if nOverviews == 0.

  • nListBands -- number of bands to build overviews for in panBandList. Build for all bands if this is 0.

  • panBandList -- list of band numbers.

  • pfnProgress -- a function to call to report progress, or NULL.

  • pProgressData -- application data to pass to the progress function.

  • papszOptions -- (GDAL >= 3.6) NULL terminated list of options as key=value pairs, or NULL

Returns:

CE_None on success or CE_Failure if the operation doesn't work.

virtual char **GetMetadata(const char *pszDomain = "") override

Fetch metadata.

The returned string list is owned by the object, and may change at any time. It is formatted as a "Name=value" list with the last pointer value being NULL. Use the CPL StringList functions such as CSLFetchNameValue() to manipulate it.

Note that relatively few formats return any metadata at this time.

This method does the same thing as the C function GDALGetMetadata().

Parameters:

pszDomain -- the domain of interest. Use "" or NULL for the default domain.

Returns:

NULL or a string list.

virtual CPLErr SetMetadata(char **papszMetadata, const char *pszDomain) override

Set metadata.

CAUTION: depending on the format, older values of the updated information might still be found in the file in a "ghost" state, even if no longer accessible through the GDAL API. This is for example the case of the GTiff format (this is not a exhaustive list)

The C function GDALSetMetadata() does the same thing as this method.

Parameters:
  • papszMetadata -- the metadata in name=value string list format to apply.

  • pszDomain -- the domain of interest. Use "" or NULL for the default domain.

Returns:

CE_None on success, CE_Failure on failure and CE_Warning if the metadata has been accepted, but is likely not maintained persistently by the underlying object between sessions.

virtual CPLErr SetMetadataItem(const char *pszName, const char *pszValue, const char *pszDomain) override

Set single metadata item.

CAUTION: depending on the format, older values of the updated information might still be found in the file in a "ghost" state, even if no longer accessible through the GDAL API. This is for example the case of the GTiff format (this is not a exhaustive list)

The C function GDALSetMetadataItem() does the same thing as this method.

Parameters:
  • pszName -- the key for the metadata item to fetch.

  • pszValue -- the value to assign to the key.

  • pszDomain -- the domain to set within, use NULL for the default domain.

Returns:

CE_None on success, or an error code on failure.

virtual char **GetMetadataDomainList() override

Fetch list of metadata domains.

The returned string list is the list of (non-empty) metadata domains.

This method does the same thing as the C function GDALGetMetadataDomainList().

Since

GDAL 1.11

Returns:

NULL or a string list. Must be freed with CSLDestroy()

virtual void ClearStatistics()

Clear statistics.

Only implemented for now in PAM supported datasets

This is the same as the C function GDALDatasetClearStatistics().

Since

GDAL 3.2

virtual int GetLayerCount()

Get the number of layers in this dataset.

This method is the same as the C function GDALDatasetGetLayerCount(), and the deprecated OGR_DS_GetLayerCount().

In GDAL 1.X, this method used to be in the OGRDataSource class.

Returns:

layer count.

virtual OGRLayer *GetLayer(int iLayer)

Fetch a layer by index.

The returned layer remains owned by the GDALDataset and should not be deleted by the application.

See GetLayers() for a C++ iterator version of this method.

This method is the same as the C function GDALDatasetGetLayer() and the deprecated OGR_DS_GetLayer().

In GDAL 1.X, this method used to be in the OGRDataSource class.

See also

GetLayers()

Parameters:

iLayer -- a layer number between 0 and GetLayerCount()-1.

Returns:

the layer, or NULL if iLayer is out of range or an error occurs.

virtual bool IsLayerPrivate(int iLayer) const

Returns true if the layer at the specified index is deemed a private or system table, or an internal detail only.

This method is the same as the C function GDALDatasetIsLayerPrivate().

Since

GDAL 3.4

Parameters:

iLayer -- a layer number between 0 and GetLayerCount()-1.

Returns:

true if the layer is a private or system table.

Layers GetLayers()

Function that returns an iterable object over layers in the dataset.

This is a C++ iterator friendly version of GetLayer().

Typical use is:

for( auto&& poLayer: poDS->GetLayers() )
{
      std::cout << "Layer  << poLayer->GetName() << std::endl;
}

See also

GetLayer()

Since

GDAL 2.3

virtual OGRLayer *GetLayerByName(const char*)

Fetch a layer by name.

The returned layer remains owned by the GDALDataset and should not be deleted by the application.

This method is the same as the C function GDALDatasetGetLayerByName() and the deprecated OGR_DS_GetLayerByName().

In GDAL 1.X, this method used to be in the OGRDataSource class.

Parameters:

pszName -- the layer name of the layer to fetch.

Returns:

the layer, or NULL if Layer is not found or an error occurs.

virtual OGRErr DeleteLayer(int iLayer)

Delete the indicated layer from the datasource.

If this method is supported the ODsCDeleteLayer capability will test TRUE on the GDALDataset.

This method is the same as the C function GDALDatasetDeleteLayer() and the deprecated OGR_DS_DeleteLayer().

In GDAL 1.X, this method used to be in the OGRDataSource class.

Parameters:

iLayer -- the index of the layer to delete.

Returns:

OGRERR_NONE on success, or OGRERR_UNSUPPORTED_OPERATION if deleting layers is not supported for this datasource.

virtual void ResetReading()

Reset feature reading to start on the first feature.

This affects GetNextFeature().

Depending on drivers, this may also have the side effect of calling OGRLayer::ResetReading() on the layers of this dataset.

This method is the same as the C function GDALDatasetResetReading().

Since

GDAL 2.2

virtual OGRFeature *GetNextFeature(OGRLayer **ppoBelongingLayer, double *pdfProgressPct, GDALProgressFunc pfnProgress, void *pProgressData)

Fetch the next available feature from this dataset.

This method is intended for the few drivers where OGRLayer::GetNextFeature() is not efficient, but in general OGRLayer::GetNextFeature() is a more natural API.

See GetFeatures() for a C++ iterator version of this method.

The returned feature becomes the responsibility of the caller to delete with OGRFeature::DestroyFeature().

Depending on the driver, this method may return features from layers in a non sequential way. This is what may happen when the ODsCRandomLayerRead capability is declared (for example for the OSM and GMLAS drivers). When datasets declare this capability, it is strongly advised to use GDALDataset::GetNextFeature() instead of OGRLayer::GetNextFeature(), as the later might have a slow, incomplete or stub implementation.

The default implementation, used by most drivers, will however iterate over each layer, and then over each feature within this layer.

This method takes into account spatial and attribute filters set on layers that will be iterated upon.

The ResetReading() method can be used to start at the beginning again.

Depending on drivers, this may also have the side effect of calling OGRLayer::GetNextFeature() on the layers of this dataset.

This method is the same as the C function GDALDatasetGetNextFeature().

See also

GetFeatures()

Since

GDAL 2.2

Parameters:
  • ppoBelongingLayer -- a pointer to a OGRLayer* variable to receive the layer to which the object belongs to, or NULL. It is possible that the output of *ppoBelongingLayer to be NULL despite the feature not being NULL.

  • pdfProgressPct -- a pointer to a double variable to receive the percentage progress (in [0,1] range), or NULL. On return, the pointed value might be negative if determining the progress is not possible.

  • pfnProgress -- a progress callback to report progress (for GetNextFeature() calls that might have a long duration) and offer cancellation possibility, or NULL.

  • pProgressData -- user data provided to pfnProgress, or NULL

Returns:

a feature, or NULL if no more features are available.

Features GetFeatures()

Function that return an iterable object over features in the dataset layer.

This is a C++ iterator friendly version of GetNextFeature().

Using this iterator for standard range-based loops is safe, but due to implementation limitations, you shouldn't try to access (dereference) more than one iterator step at a time, since the FeatureLayerPair reference which is returned is reused.

Typical use is:

for( auto&& oFeatureLayerPair: poDS->GetFeatures() )
{
      std::cout << "Feature of layer " <<
              oFeatureLayerPair.layer->GetName() << std::endl;
      oFeatureLayerPair.feature->DumpReadable();
}

See also

GetNextFeature()

Since

GDAL 2.3

virtual int TestCapability(const char*)

Test if capability is available.

One of the following dataset capability names can be passed into this method, and a TRUE or FALSE value will be returned indicating whether or not the capability is available for this object.

  • ODsCCreateLayer: True if this datasource can create new layers.

  • ODsCDeleteLayer: True if this datasource can delete existing layers.

  • ODsCCreateGeomFieldAfterCreateLayer: True if the layers of this datasource support CreateGeomField() just after layer creation.

  • ODsCCurveGeometries: True if this datasource supports curve geometries.

  • ODsCTransactions: True if this datasource supports (efficient) transactions.

  • ODsCEmulatedTransactions: True if this datasource supports transactions through emulation.

  • ODsCRandomLayerRead: True if this datasource has a dedicated GetNextFeature() implementation, potentially returning features from layers in a non sequential way.

  • ODsCRandomLayerWrite: True if this datasource supports calling CreateFeature() on layers in a non sequential way.

The #define macro forms of the capability names should be used in preference to the strings themselves to avoid misspelling.

This method is the same as the C function GDALDatasetTestCapability() and the deprecated OGR_DS_TestCapability().

In GDAL 1.X, this method used to be in the OGRDataSource class.

Parameters:

pszCap -- the capability to test.

Returns:

TRUE if capability available otherwise FALSE.

virtual std::vector<std::string> GetFieldDomainNames(CSLConstList papszOptions = nullptr) const

Returns a list of the names of all field domains stored in the dataset.

Since

GDAL 3.5

Note

The default implementation assumes that drivers fully populate m_oMapFieldDomains when opening a dataset. If this assumption is incorrect then a specialized implementation of GetFieldDomainNames() must be implemented.

Parameters:

papszOptions -- Driver specific options determining how attributes should be retrieved. Pass nullptr for default behavior.

Returns:

list of field domain names

virtual const OGRFieldDomain *GetFieldDomain(const std::string &name) const

Get a field domain from its name.

Since

GDAL 3.3

Returns:

the field domain, or nullptr if not found.

virtual bool AddFieldDomain(std::unique_ptr<OGRFieldDomain> &&domain, std::string &failureReason)

Add a field domain to the dataset.

Only a few drivers will support this operation, and some of them might only support it only for some types of field domains. At the time of writing (GDAL 3.3), only the Memory and GeoPackage drivers support this operation. A dataset having at least some support for this operation should report the ODsCAddFieldDomain dataset capability.

Anticipated failures will not be emitted through the CPLError() infrastructure, but will be reported in the failureReason output parameter.

Since

GDAL 3.3

Note

Drivers should make sure to update m_oMapFieldDomains in order for the default implementation of GetFieldDomainNames() to work correctly, or alternatively a specialized implementation of GetFieldDomainNames() should be implemented.

Parameters:
  • domain -- The domain definition.

  • failureReason -- Output parameter. Will contain an error message if an error occurs.

Returns:

true in case of success.

virtual bool DeleteFieldDomain(const std::string &name, std::string &failureReason)

Removes a field domain from the dataset.

Only a few drivers will support this operation.

At the time of writing (GDAL 3.5), only the Memory and GeoPackage drivers support this operation. A dataset having at least some support for this operation should report the ODsCDeleteFieldDomain dataset capability.

Anticipated failures will not be emitted through the CPLError() infrastructure, but will be reported in the failureReason output parameter.

Since

GDAL 3.5

Note

Drivers should make sure to update m_oMapFieldDomains in order for the default implementation of GetFieldDomainNames() to work correctly, or alternatively a specialized implementation of GetFieldDomainNames() should be implemented.

Parameters:
  • name -- The domain name.

  • failureReason -- Output parameter. Will contain an error message if an error occurs.

Returns:

true in case of success.

virtual bool UpdateFieldDomain(std::unique_ptr<OGRFieldDomain> &&domain, std::string &failureReason)

Updates an existing field domain by replacing its definition.

The existing field domain with matching name will be replaced.

Only a few drivers will support this operation, and some of them might only support it only for some types of field domains. At the time of writing (GDAL 3.5), only the Memory driver supports this operation. A dataset having at least some support for this operation should report the ODsCUpdateFieldDomain dataset capability.

Anticipated failures will not be emitted through the CPLError() infrastructure, but will be reported in the failureReason output parameter.

Since

GDAL 3.5

Parameters:
  • domain -- The domain definition.

  • failureReason -- Output parameter. Will contain an error message if an error occurs.

Returns:

true in case of success.

virtual std::vector<std::string> GetRelationshipNames(CSLConstList papszOptions = nullptr) const

Returns a list of the names of all relationships stored in the dataset.

Since

GDAL 3.6

Parameters:

papszOptions -- Driver specific options determining how relationships should be retrieved. Pass nullptr for default behavior.

Returns:

list of relationship names

virtual const GDALRelationship *GetRelationship(const std::string &name) const

Get a relationship from its name.

Since

GDAL 3.6

Returns:

the relationship, or nullptr if not found.

virtual bool AddRelationship(std::unique_ptr<GDALRelationship> &&relationship, std::string &failureReason)

Add a relationship to the dataset.

Only a few drivers will support this operation, and some of them might only support it only for some types of relationships.

A dataset having at least some support for this operation should report the GDsCAddRelationship dataset capability.

Anticipated failures will not be emitted through the CPLError() infrastructure, but will be reported in the failureReason output parameter.

When adding a many-to-many relationship (GDALRelationshipCardinality::GRC_MANY_TO_MANY), it is possible to omit the mapping table name (see GDALRelationship::GetMappingTableName) to instruct the driver to create an appropriately named and structured mapping table. Some dataset formats require particular naming conventions and field structures for the mapping table, and delegating the construction of the mapping table to the driver will avoid these pitfalls.

Since

GDAL 3.6

Parameters:
  • relationship -- The relationship definition.

  • failureReason -- Output parameter. Will contain an error message if an error occurs.

Returns:

true in case of success.

virtual bool DeleteRelationship(const std::string &name, std::string &failureReason)

Removes a relationship from the dataset.

Only a few drivers will support this operation.

A dataset having at least some support for this operation should report the GDsCDeleteRelationship dataset capability.

Anticipated failures will not be emitted through the CPLError() infrastructure, but will be reported in the failureReason output parameter.

Since

GDAL 3.6

Parameters:
  • name -- The relationship name.

  • failureReason -- Output parameter. Will contain an error message if an error occurs.

Returns:

true in case of success.

virtual bool UpdateRelationship(std::unique_ptr<GDALRelationship> &&relationship, std::string &failureReason)

Updates an existing relationship by replacing its definition.

The existing relationship with matching name will be replaced.

Only a few drivers will support this operation, and some of them might only support it only for some types of relationships. A dataset having at least some support for this operation should report the GDsCUpdateRelationship dataset capability.

Anticipated failures will not be emitted through the CPLError() infrastructure, but will be reported in the failureReason output parameter.

Since

GDAL 3.6

Parameters:
  • relationship -- The relationship definition.

  • failureReason -- Output parameter. Will contain an error message if an error occurs.

Returns:

true in case of success.

virtual OGRLayer *CreateLayer(const char *pszName, const OGRSpatialReference *poSpatialRef = nullptr, OGRwkbGeometryType eGType = wkbUnknown, char **papszOptions = nullptr)

This method attempts to create a new layer on the dataset with the indicated name, coordinate system, geometry type.

The papszOptions argument can be used to control driver specific creation options. These options are normally documented in the format specific documentation. That function will try to validate the creation option list passed to the driver with the GDALValidateCreationOptions() method. This check can be disabled by defining the configuration option GDAL_VALIDATE_CREATION_OPTIONS set to NO.

Drivers should extend the ICreateLayer() method and not CreateLayer(). CreateLayer() adds validation of layer creation options, before delegating the actual work to ICreateLayer().

This method is the same as the C function GDALDatasetCreateLayer() and the deprecated OGR_DS_CreateLayer().

Example:

#include "gdal.h"
#include "cpl_string.h"

...

        OGRLayer *poLayer;
        char     **papszOptions;

        if( !poDS->TestCapability( ODsCCreateLayer ) )
        {
        ...
        }

        papszOptions = CSLSetNameValue( papszOptions, "DIM", "2" );
        poLayer = poDS->CreateLayer( "NewLayer", nullptr, wkbUnknown,
                                     papszOptions );
        CSLDestroy( papszOptions );

        if( poLayer == NULL )
        {
            ...
        }
Parameters:
  • pszName -- the name for the new layer. This should ideally not match any existing layer on the datasource.

  • poSpatialRef -- the coordinate system to use for the new layer, or NULL if no coordinate system is available.

  • eGType -- the geometry type for the layer. Use wkbUnknown if there are no constraints on the types geometry to be written.

  • papszOptions -- a StringList of name=value options. Options are driver specific.

Returns:

NULL is returned on failure, or a new OGRLayer handle on success.

virtual OGRLayer *CopyLayer(OGRLayer *poSrcLayer, const char *pszNewName, char **papszOptions = nullptr)

Duplicate an existing layer.

This method creates a new layer, duplicate the field definitions of the source layer and then duplicate each features of the source layer. The papszOptions argument can be used to control driver specific creation options. These options are normally documented in the format specific documentation. The source layer may come from another dataset.

This method is the same as the C function GDALDatasetCopyLayer() and the deprecated OGR_DS_CopyLayer().

In GDAL 1.X, this method used to be in the OGRDataSource class.

Parameters:
  • poSrcLayer -- source layer.

  • pszNewName -- the name of the layer to create.

  • papszOptions -- a StringList of name=value options. Options are driver specific. There is a common option to set output layer spatial reference: DST_SRSWKT. The option should be in WKT format. Starting with GDAL 3.7, the common option COPY_MD can be set to NO to prevent the default copying of the metadata from the source layer to the target layer.

Returns:

a handle to the layer, or NULL if an error occurs.

virtual OGRStyleTable *GetStyleTable()

Returns dataset style table.

This method is the same as the C function GDALDatasetGetStyleTable() and the deprecated OGR_DS_GetStyleTable().

In GDAL 1.X, this method used to be in the OGRDataSource class.

Returns:

pointer to a style table which should not be modified or freed by the caller.

virtual void SetStyleTableDirectly(OGRStyleTable *poStyleTable)

Set dataset style table.

This method operate exactly as SetStyleTable() except that it assumes ownership of the passed table.

This method is the same as the C function GDALDatasetSetStyleTableDirectly() and the deprecated OGR_DS_SetStyleTableDirectly().

In GDAL 1.X, this method used to be in the OGRDataSource class.

Parameters:

poStyleTable -- pointer to style table to set

virtual void SetStyleTable(OGRStyleTable *poStyleTable)

Set dataset style table.

This method operate exactly as SetStyleTableDirectly() except that it does not assume ownership of the passed table.

This method is the same as the C function GDALDatasetSetStyleTable() and the deprecated OGR_DS_SetStyleTable().

In GDAL 1.X, this method used to be in the OGRDataSource class.

Parameters:

poStyleTable -- pointer to style table to set

virtual OGRLayer *ExecuteSQL(const char *pszStatement, OGRGeometry *poSpatialFilter, const char *pszDialect)

Execute an SQL statement against the data store.

The result of an SQL query is either NULL for statements that are in error, or that have no results set, or an OGRLayer pointer representing a results set from the query. Note that this OGRLayer is in addition to the layers in the data store and must be destroyed with ReleaseResultSet() before the dataset is closed (destroyed).

This method is the same as the C function GDALDatasetExecuteSQL() and the deprecated OGR_DS_ExecuteSQL().

For more information on the SQL dialect supported internally by OGR review the OGR SQL document. Some drivers (i.e. Oracle and PostGIS) pass the SQL directly through to the underlying RDBMS.

Starting with OGR 1.10, the SQLITE dialect can also be used.

In GDAL 1.X, this method used to be in the OGRDataSource class.

Parameters:
  • pszStatement -- the SQL statement to execute.

  • poSpatialFilter -- geometry which represents a spatial filter. Can be NULL.

  • pszDialect -- allows control of the statement dialect. If set to NULL, the OGR SQL engine will be used, except for RDBMS drivers that will use their dedicated SQL engine, unless OGRSQL is explicitly passed as the dialect. Starting with OGR 1.10, the SQLITE dialect can also be used.

Returns:

an OGRLayer containing the results of the query. Deallocate with ReleaseResultSet().

virtual void ReleaseResultSet(OGRLayer *poResultsSet)

Release results of ExecuteSQL().

This method should only be used to deallocate OGRLayers resulting from an ExecuteSQL() call on the same GDALDataset. Failure to deallocate a results set before destroying the GDALDataset may cause errors.

This method is the same as the C function GDALDatasetReleaseResultSet() and the deprecated OGR_DS_ReleaseResultSet().

In GDAL 1.X, this method used to be in the OGRDataSource class.

Parameters:

poResultsSet -- the result of a previous ExecuteSQL() call.

virtual OGRErr AbortSQL()

Abort any SQL statement running in the data store.

This function can be safely called from any thread (pending that the dataset object is still alive). Driver implementations will make sure that it can be called in a thread-safe way.

This might not be implemented by all drivers. At time of writing, only SQLite, GPKG and PG drivers implement it

This method is the same as the C method GDALDatasetAbortSQL()

Since

GDAL 3.2.0

int GetRefCount() const

Fetch reference count.

This method is the same as the C function OGR_DS_GetRefCount().

In GDAL 1.X, this method used to be in the OGRDataSource class.

Returns:

the current reference count for the datasource object itself.

int GetSummaryRefCount() const

Fetch reference count of datasource and all owned layers.

This method is the same as the C function OGR_DS_GetSummaryRefCount().

In GDAL 1.X, this method used to be in the OGRDataSource class.

Deprecated:

Returns:

the current summary reference count for the datasource and its layers.

OGRErr Release()

Drop a reference to this dataset, and if the reference count drops to one close (destroy) the dataset.

This method is the same as the C function OGRReleaseDataSource().

Deprecated:

. In GDAL 2, use GDALClose() instead

Returns:

OGRERR_NONE on success or an error code.

virtual OGRErr StartTransaction(int bForce = FALSE)

For datasources which support transactions, StartTransaction creates a `transaction.

If starting the transaction fails, will return OGRERR_FAILURE. Datasources which do not support transactions will always return OGRERR_UNSUPPORTED_OPERATION.

Nested transactions are not supported.

All changes done after the start of the transaction are definitely applied in the datasource if CommitTransaction() is called. They may be canceled by calling RollbackTransaction() instead.

At the time of writing, transactions only apply on vector layers.

Datasets that support transactions will advertise the ODsCTransactions capability. Use of transactions at dataset level is generally preferred to transactions at layer level, whose scope is rarely limited to the layer from which it was started.

In case StartTransaction() fails, neither CommitTransaction() or RollbackTransaction() should be called.

If an error occurs after a successful StartTransaction(), the whole transaction may or may not be implicitly canceled, depending on drivers. (e.g. the PG driver will cancel it, SQLite/GPKG not). In any case, in the event of an error, an explicit call to RollbackTransaction() should be done to keep things balanced.

By default, when bForce is set to FALSE, only "efficient" transactions will be attempted. Some drivers may offer an emulation of transactions, but sometimes with significant overhead, in which case the user must explicitly allow for such an emulation by setting bForce to TRUE. Drivers that offer emulated transactions should advertise the ODsCEmulatedTransactions capability (and not ODsCTransactions).

This function is the same as the C function GDALDatasetStartTransaction().

Since

GDAL 2.0

Parameters:

bForce -- can be set to TRUE if an emulation, possibly slow, of a transaction mechanism is acceptable.

Returns:

OGRERR_NONE on success.

virtual OGRErr CommitTransaction()

For datasources which support transactions, CommitTransaction commits a transaction.

If no transaction is active, or the commit fails, will return OGRERR_FAILURE. Datasources which do not support transactions will always return OGRERR_UNSUPPORTED_OPERATION.

Depending on drivers, this may or may not abort layer sequential readings that are active.

This function is the same as the C function GDALDatasetCommitTransaction().

Since

GDAL 2.0

Returns:

OGRERR_NONE on success.

virtual OGRErr RollbackTransaction()

For datasources which support transactions, RollbackTransaction will roll back a datasource to its state before the start of the current transaction.

If no transaction is active, or the rollback fails, will return OGRERR_FAILURE. Datasources which do not support transactions will always return OGRERR_UNSUPPORTED_OPERATION.

This function is the same as the C function GDALDatasetRollbackTransaction().

Since

GDAL 2.0

Returns:

OGRERR_NONE on success.

virtual std::shared_ptr<GDALGroup> GetRootGroup() const

Return the root GDALGroup of this dataset.

Only valid for multidimensional datasets.

This is the same as the C function GDALDatasetGetRootGroup().

Since

GDAL 3.1

Public Static Functions

static GDALDataset **GetOpenDatasets(int *pnDatasetCount)

Fetch all open GDAL dataset handles.

This method is the same as the C function GDALGetOpenDatasets().

NOTE: This method is not thread safe. The returned list may change at any time and it should not be freed.

Parameters:

pnCount -- integer into which to place the count of dataset pointers being returned.

Returns:

a pointer to an array of dataset handles.

static inline GDALDatasetH ToHandle(GDALDataset *poDS)

Convert a GDALDataset* to a GDALDatasetH.

Since

GDAL 2.3

static inline GDALDataset *FromHandle(GDALDatasetH hDS)

Convert a GDALDatasetH to a GDALDataset*.

Since

GDAL 2.3

static inline GDALDataset *Open(const char *pszFilename, unsigned int nOpenFlags = 0, const char *const *papszAllowedDrivers = nullptr, const char *const *papszOpenOptions = nullptr, const char *const *papszSiblingFiles = nullptr)

See also

GDALOpenEx().

Since

GDAL 2.3

class Bands

Class returned by GetBands() that act as a container for raster bands.

Public Functions

const Iterator begin() const

Return beginning of band iterator.

Since

GDAL 2.3

const Iterator end() const

Return end of band iterator.

Since

GDAL 2.3

size_t size() const

Get the number of raster bands in this dataset.

Since

GDAL 2.3

Returns:

raster band count.

GDALRasterBand *operator[](int iBand)

Fetch a raster band by index.

The returned band remains owned by the GDALDataset and should not be deleted by the application.

Since

GDAL 2.3

Warning

Contrary to GDALDataset::GetRasterBand(), the indexing here is consistent with the conventions of C/C++, i.e. starting at 0.

Parameters:

iBand -- a band index between 0 and size()-1.

Returns:

the band, or nullptr if iBand is out of range or an error occurs.

GDALRasterBand *operator[](size_t iBand)

Fetch a raster band by index.

The returned band remains owned by the GDALDataset and should not be deleted by the application.

Since

GDAL 2.3

Warning

Contrary to GDALDataset::GetRasterBand(), the indexing here is consistent with the conventions of C/C++, i.e. starting at 0.

Parameters:

iBand -- a band index between 0 and size()-1.

Returns:

the band, or nullptr if iBand is out of range or an error occurs.

struct FeatureLayerPair

Object returned by GetFeatures() iterators.

Public Members

OGRFeatureUniquePtr feature = {}

Unique pointer to a OGRFeature.

OGRLayer *layer = nullptr

Layer to which the feature belongs to.

class Features

Class returned by GetFeatures() that act as a container for vector features.

Public Functions

const Iterator begin() const

Return beginning of feature iterator.

Since

GDAL 2.3

const Iterator end() const

Return end of feature iterator.

Since

GDAL 2.3

class Layers

Class returned by GetLayers() that acts as a range of layers.

Since

GDAL 2.3

Public Functions

Iterator begin() const

Return beginning of layer iterator.

Since

GDAL 2.3

Iterator end() const

Return end of layer iterator.

Since

GDAL 2.3

size_t size() const

Get the number of layers in this dataset.

Since

GDAL 2.3

Returns:

layer count.

OGRLayer *operator[](int iLayer)

Fetch a layer by index.

The returned layer remains owned by the GDALDataset and should not be deleted by the application.

Since

GDAL 2.3

Parameters:

iLayer -- a layer number between 0 and size()-1.

Returns:

the layer, or nullptr if iLayer is out of range or an error occurs.

OGRLayer *operator[](size_t iLayer)

Fetch a layer by index.

The returned layer remains owned by the GDALDataset and should not be deleted by the application.

Since

GDAL 2.3

Parameters:

iLayer -- a layer number between 0 and size()-1.

Returns:

the layer, or nullptr if iLayer is out of range or an error occurs.

OGRLayer *operator[](const char *pszLayername)

Fetch a layer by name.

The returned layer remains owned by the GDALDataset and should not be deleted by the application.

Since

GDAL 2.3

Parameters:

pszLayerName -- layer name

Returns:

the layer, or nullptr if pszLayerName does not match with a layer

class Iterator

Layer iterator.

Since

GDAL 2.3

Public Types

using value_type = OGRLayer*

value_type

using reference = OGRLayer*

reference

using difference_type = void

difference_type

using pointer = void

pointer

using iterator_category = std::input_iterator_tag

iterator_category

Public Functions

Iterator()

Default constructor.

Iterator(GDALDataset *poDS, bool bStart)

Constructor.

Iterator(const Iterator &oOther)

Copy constructor.

Iterator(Iterator &&oOther) noexcept

Move constructor.

~Iterator()

Destructor.

Iterator &operator=(const Iterator &oOther)

Assignment operator.

Iterator &operator=(Iterator &&oOther) noexcept

Move assignment operator.

OGRLayer *operator*() const

Dereference operator.

Iterator &operator++()

Pre-increment operator.

Iterator operator++(int)

Post-increment operator.

bool operator!=(const Iterator &it) const

Difference comparison operator.

struct Private
class Private